First-choice therapy for dogs presenting with diarrhoea in clinical practice

German, A. J.; Halladay, L. J.; Noble, P-J. M.
November 2010
Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;Nov2010, Vol. 167 Issue 21, p810
Academic Journal
Computerised referral histories were reviewed for dogs admitted to the University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital between January 2000 and December 2008 with diarrhoea among the clinical signs. A total of 371 cases presenting to the referring veterinary surgeon were included in the study, and information was compiled regarding signalment, clinical signs and treatment given at the initial consultation. Various breeds, ages and sexes were represented. Antibacterials were used in 263 (71 per cent) cases, steroids in 71 (19 per cent) cases and miscellaneous antidiarrhoeal products (including probiotics, prebiotics, adsorbents and antimotility drugs) in 98 (26 per cent) cases. Other drugs used included antiemetics (48 of 371 [13 per cent] cases), gastric protectants (37 of 371 [10 per cent] cases) and sulfasalazine (26 of 371 [7 per cent] cases). Antibacterial administration was positively associated with hyperthermia (odds ratio [OR]=2.97, P=0.012) and anorexia (OR=2.17, P=0.0075), but negatively associated with both weight loss (OR=0.55, P=0.036) and tenesmus (OR=0.43, P=0.035). In contrast, use of antidiarrhoeal products was positively associated with the presence of faecal mucus (OR=1.77, P=0.043), and negatively associated with vomiting (OR=0.57, P=0.025) and weight loss (OR=0.52, P=0.033).


Related Articles

  • Drug-induced diarrhoea. Chassany, O.; Michaux, A.; Bergmann, J.F. // Drug Safety;Jan2000, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p53 

    Diarrhoea is a relatively frequent adverse event, accounting for about 7% of all drug adverse effects. More than 700 drugs have been implicated in causing diarrhoea; those most frequently involved are antimicrobials, laxatives, magnesium-containing antacids, lactose- or sorbitol-containing...

  • Bacteria involved in acute haemorrhagic diarrhoea syndrome in dogs. Allenspach, K. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;3/7/2015, Vol. 176 Issue 10, p251 

    The author discusses the involvement of bacteria in the development of acute haemorrhagic diarrhoea syndrome in dogs. Topics discussed include the use antibiotics as an effective treatment for dogs with acute diarrhoea, the usefulness of conducting tests ro diagnose Clostridium difficile and...

  • Cell therapy clinical trial for dogs with chronic spinal cord injury. Granger, Nicolas; Franklin, Robin J. M.; Jeffery, Nick // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;6/5/2010, Vol. 166 Issue 23, p729 

    A letter to the editor is presented about a clinical trial for dogs with chronic spinal cord injury designed to determine the impact of cell therapy on the locomotor function in such dogs.

  • Dogs THAT MAKE A DIFFERENCE. Canale, Larry; Kowalski, Kathiann M. // Odyssey;Oct2013, Vol. 22 Issue 8, p24 

    The article presents information on therapy dogs.

  • Clinico-Biochemical Alterations and Therapeutic Management of Canine Gastroenteritis. Bhat, Abid Ali; Wadhwa, Des Raj; Mandial, R. K.; Sharma, Ankur; Katoch, Ajay; Sharma, Pradeep // Journal of Animal Research;Apr2015, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p149 

    The clinical investigation was done on 45 dogs suffering from gastroenteritis. The affected dogs showed diarrhoea, vomition, depression, anorexia and dehydration. Significant decrease in plasma glucose, albumin, potassium and chloride were observed. The affected dogs were randomly divided into...

  • Atypical clinical presentation of coinfection with Ehrlichia, Babesia and Hepatozoon species in a dog. Sasanelli, M.; Paradies, P.; Lubas, G.; Otranto, D.; de Caprariis, D. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;1/3/2009, Vol. 164 Issue 1, p22 

    The article reports on the case of 3.5-month-old crossbreed dog presented with mild depression, diarrhoea and ascites and was referred to the Clinical Unit of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Bari in Southern Italy. The dog had arrived in a kennel with heavy tick and flea infestation at the...

  • Clinical and molecular investigation of a canine distemper outbreak and vector-borne infections in a group of rescue dogs imported from Hungary to Switzerland. Willi, Barbara; Spiri, Andrea M.; Meli, Marina L.; Grimm, Felix; Beatrice, Laura; Riond, Barbara; Bley, Tim; Jordi, Rolf; Dennler, Matthias; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina // BMC Veterinary Research;Jul2015, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Canine distemper virus (CDV) is a major pathogen of dogs and wild carnivores worldwide. In Switzerland, distemper in domestic dogs is rarely reported. In recent years, the import of dogs from Eastern Europe to Switzerland has steadily increased. In the present study, we describe a...

  • Prevalence of Campy lob acter sp. in Dogs Attending Veterinary Practices at Mathura, India and Risk Indicators Associated with Shedding. Kumar, Rajesh; Verma, A. K.; Kumar, Amit; Srivastava, Mukesh; Lai, H. P. // Asian Journal of Animal & Veterinary Advances;Aug2012, Vol. 7 Issue 8, p754 

    Campylobacteriosis is one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis in humans and various researches suggested that owning a pet is a risk factor for the disease. To determine the prevalence and risk indicators for Campylobacter sp. infecting dogs attending veterinary practice at TVCC, DUVASU,...

  • Infectious diarrhoea. Kelly, Paul // Africa Health;Sep2015, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p22 

    Infectious diarrhoea remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Viruses, bacteria and protozoa are responsible for the majority of infections, which are transmitted most commonly by the faecal-oral route through water, food and person-to-person transmission. Clinical...

  • UK charity vets get a US perspective on shelter medicine.  // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;1/18/2014, Vol. 174 Issue 3, p60 

    Information on the meeting of the Association of Charity Vets held in Nottingham, England in February 2013 is presented. Shelter Medicine Program director Annette Litster says the U.S. would guarantee healthy dog adoption by 2015. Litster points out that shelter medicine in the country puts...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics