TITLE

Elite and non-elite male footballers differ in goal orientation and perceptions of parental climate

AUTHOR(S)
Kavussanu, Maria; White, Sally A.; Jowett, Sophia; England, Sean
PUB. DATE
September 2011
SOURCE
International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology;Sep2011, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p284
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study examined whether elite and non-elite adolescent football players differ in goal orientation and perceptions of the motivational climate created by their parents. A total of 69 players recruited from a football academy (elite) and 49 players participating in recreational football (non-elite) completed measures assessing goal orientation and parent-initiated motivational climate. Compared to non-elite, elite players were significantly higher in task orientation, and had higher perceptions that their mother valued a motivational climate that emphasized learning and enjoyment, and lower perceptions that both parents created a climate in which success without effort was valued. The findings suggest that task orientation and a perceived parental environment that values effort and learning may facilitate high levels of sport achievement.
ACCESSION #
66285909

 

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