Zero-β modeling of coaxial helicity injection in the HIT-II spherical torus

Bayliss, R. A.; Sovinec, C. R.; Redd, A. J.
September 2011
Physics of Plasmas;Sep2011, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p094502
Academic Journal
Coaxial helicity injection in the HIT-II [A. J. Redd et al., Phys. Plasmas 9, 2006 (2002)] spherical torus is modeled with time-dependent resistive magnetohydrodynamics computations run to steady state for conditions without strong relaxation. Laboratory and computed results on injector current and plasma current agree reasonably well as toroidal magnetic field and injector flux are scaled. The scalings are consistent with a dimensional estimate from the Grad-Shafranov equation that provides a new perspective on a previously published model based on a current-sheet equilibrium and the magnetic pressure required for the 'bubble-burst' criterion. Numerical solutions of the Grad-Shafranov equation with an assumed current profile also indicate large qualitative changes as the predicted criterion is crossed.


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