TITLE

Early-stage plasma dynamics with air ionization during ultrashort laser ablation of metal

AUTHOR(S)
Hu, Wenqian; Shin, Yung C.; King, Galen
PUB. DATE
September 2011
SOURCE
Physics of Plasmas;Sep2011, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p093302
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this study, the early-stage plasma evolution generated by an ultrashort laser pulse is investigated through pump-probe shadowgraph measurements and simulations. The measurements are performed to show the evolution of the plasma front, while the simulation model is used to further investigate the evolution process and mechanism. Specifically, the laser pulse propagation in air is simulated using the beam propagation method with the slowly varying envelope approximation. The lattice dynamics, the electron dynamics and the multi-scattering event, and the evolution of charged particles (free electrons and ions), are simulated using a molecular dynamics method, a Monte Carlo method, and a particle-in-cell method, respectively. With this simulation model, the refractive index and plasma evolutions are calculated and compared with measured results to validate the simulation model. Different plasma expansion processes, caused by the air ionization, are found with the focal point slightly above and below the target. Air ionization occurs in both cases, but their primary mechanisms are shown to be different.
ACCESSION #
66184756

 

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