Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West

Kabasakal, Hayat; Bodur, Muzaffer
March 2002
Journal of World Business;Spring2002, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p40
Academic Journal
The Arabic cluster, consisting of Egypt, Morocco, Turkey. Kuwait, and Qatar is located in the Middle Eastern part of the world. These societies reflect a medium level of Human Development and are rich in oil and mineral resources. They have many commonalities in their societal norms and practices, reflecting their historical, religious, and socio-cultural characteristics. They are all predominantly Muslim, have been under the influence of Europe and Ottoman Empire before gaining their independence, and they share common literature, architecture, and educational background. Societies in the Arabic cluster are found to be highly group-oriented, hierarchical, masculine, and low on future orientation. Outstanding leadership in this cluster includes team-oriented and charismatic attributes. The paper discusses the managerial implications of these findings. © Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.


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