Pretarsal injection of botulinum toxin for blepharospasm and apraxia of eyelid opening

Jankovic, J
June 1996
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Jun1996, Vol. 60 Issue 6, p704
Academic Journal
No abstract available.


Related Articles

  • Primary Blepharospasm: Diagnosis and Management. Defazio, Giovanni; Livrea, Paolo // Drugs;2004, Vol. 64 Issue 3, p237 

    Primary blepharospasm is an adult-onset focal dystonia characterised by involuntary contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles. Patients may have various types of movements arising from the different parts of the orbicularis oculi muscle. These include typical blepharospasm associated with...

  • The combined treatment with orbital and pretarsal botulinum toxin injections in the management of poorly responsive blepharospasm. Esposito, Marcello; Fasano, A.; Crisci, C.; Dubbioso, R.; Iodice, R.; Santoro, Lucio // Neurological Sciences;Mar2014, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p397 

    Blepharospasm (BS) is a focal dystonia involving involuntary contractions of muscles around the eyes. Botulinum toxin (BoNT) is the most effective treatment for BS and the technique of injection changes depending on the clinical picture. Usually typical BS benefits from the injection in the...

  • Comparison of preseptal and pretarsal injections of botulinum toxin in the treatment of blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. Çakmur, Raif; Ozturk, Vesile; Uzunel, Fatma; Donmez, Beril; Idiman, Fethi // Journal of Neurology;Jan2002, Vol. 249 Issue 1, p64 

    Although the beneficial effect of subcutaneous injections of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is well known in both blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm, the position of the injection sites around the orbicularis oculi may influence the effectiveness and side effects. Here we report results of...

  • Levodopa withdrawal.  // Reactions Weekly;7/7/2007, Issue 1159, p19 

    The article describes the case of two patients with Parkinson's disease who had developed apraxia of eyelid opening after levodopa discontinuation following subthalamic deep brain stimulation. A 56-year-old man who had developed apraxia of eyelid opening was treated by adjusting the stimulation...

  • Apraxia of lid opening an under-appreciated finding. Burroughs, John R.; Anderson, Richard L. // Ophthalmology Times;10/1/2005, Vol. 30 Issue 19, p82 

    Reports that apraxia of lid opening, seen in patients with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB), is the greatest cause of failure in BEB treatment with botulinum A toxin. Characteristics of apraxia of lid opening associated with BEB; Usefulness of myectomy and ptosis repair procedure in apraxia...

  • Frontalis suspension surgery to treat patients with essential blepharospasm and apraxia of eyelid opening-technique and results. Karapantzou, Chrisanthi; Dressler, Dirk; Rohrbach, Saskia; Laskawi, Rainer // Head & Face Medicine;2014, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p44 

    Introduction: We describe the results of 15 patients suffering from essential blepharospasm with apraxia of eyelid opening who underwent frontalis suspension surgery. Material and methods: Patients with apraxia of eyelid opening and unresponsive to botulinum toxin injections were studied....

  • Blefarospazm ve Hemifasiyal Spazmda Botulinum Toksini Tedavisi. ÇAKMUR, Raif // Archives of Neuropsychiatry / Noropsikiatri Arsivi;Dec2010, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p6 

    Blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm are the two most common movement disorders that affect the facial muscles. Despite having different pathophysiological mechanisms, both disorders produce involuntary eyelid closure due to contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscle. The treatment of...

  • Bilateral upper eyelid ectropion associated with blepharospasm. Kob, S.; Hosohato, J.; Tano, Y. // British Journal of Ophthalmology;Nov2006, Vol. 90 Issue 11, p1437 

    A letter to the editor is presented regarding an unusual case of bilateral upper eyelid ectropion associated with blepharospasm in an elderly man who responded to treatment with botulinum A toxin.

  • Botulinum toxin A.  // Reactions Weekly;4/2/2011, Issue 1345, p10 

    The article describes the case of a 70-year-old woman who suffered from repeated episodes of elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone after taking eyelid injections of botulinum toxin A 200IU for essential bilateral blepharospasm over the past 10 years.

  • Botulinum Toxin Injections in the Treatment of Biopharospasm, Hemifacial Spasm, and Eyelid Fasciculations.  // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;3/10/89, Vol. 261 Issue 10, p1438 

    Discusses the abstract of a research study concerning the use of botulinum toxin injections in the treatment of blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm and eyelid fasciculations. Average duration of response exhibited by the patients; Comparison of the response of patients with the most severe spasms...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics