TITLE

Increased preoperative thrombin generation and low protein S level associated with unfavorable postoperative hemodynamics after coronary artery bypass grafting

AUTHOR(S)
Raivio, Peter M; Lassila, Riitta; Kuitunen, Anne H; Eriksson, Heidi; Suojaranta-Ylinen, Raili T; Petäjä, Jari
PUB. DATE
March 2011
SOURCE
Perfusion;Mar2011, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p99
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In a previous study, preoperative levels of activated protein C (APC) were associated with unfavorable postoperative hemodynamics after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Protein C is activated by thrombin. Protein S, the cofactor of activated protein C, has activated protein C-independent anticoagulant activity and cytoprotective effects. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test whether preoperative, baseline levels of either thrombin or protein S were associated with hemodynamic performance or markers of myocardial damage after CABG. One hundred patients undergoing elective on-pump CABG were prospectively studied. Prothrombin fragment F1+2 (a marker of thrombin generation) and free protein S were measured preoperatively and cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), and pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) were measured serially thereafter at fixed time points. Cardiac biomarkers CK-MBm and TnT were measured postoperatively. There was an inverse correlation between preoperative F1+2 and free protein S levels (r= —0.30, p=0.003). High preoperative F1+2 and low preoperative protein S levels were associated with a less favorable hemodynamic profile postoperatively. Patients with F1+2 in the highest decile (≥0.85 nmol/l) and patients with preoperative protein S in the lowest decile (≤63%) had lower CI values, and higher pulmonary and systemic vascular resistance index values postoperatively than comparison patients. Preoperative F1+2 or protein S did not correlate with postoperative cardiac biomarker levels. Baseline activation of coagulation and the balance between pro-coagulant and anti-coagulant factors preoperatively might have implications for postoperative hemodynamic recovery after CABG.
ACCESSION #
65974275

 

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