Percutaneous Subclavian Central Venous Catheterization in Children Younger than One Year of Age

Finck, Christine; Smith, Sam; Jackson, Richard; Wagner, Charles
April 2002
American Surgeon;Apr2002, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p401
Academic Journal
Children younger than one year of age frequently require central venous lines (CVLs) for total parenteral nutrition, intravenous antibiotics, and chemotherapy. In many instances surgical cutdown has been favored over percutaneous access. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and success of percutaneous central venous access in children less than one year of age. Percutaneous access of the subclavian vein was obtained by Seldinger technique. Using the medical procedure code index we reviewed the charts of those patients less than one year of age from January 1, 1999 through December 31, 1999 requiring central venous access. Age, diagnosis, number of CVLs required, site placed, success rate, and weight were recorded. In 1999 a total of 84 patients younger than one year of age received a total of 110 CVLs. In patients less than 6 months of age the success rate for percutaneous access of the subclavian vein was 78.8 per cent and for those children over 6 months the success rate was 96 per cent. The average weight for those less than 6 months was 3.1 kg and for those older than 6 months was 7.63 kg. There were no complications from the procedure. Percutaneous CVL placement in children younger than one year of age is safe and effective. This paper details our technique and reviews infant venous anatomy in the subclavian area.


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