TITLE

Surgical Management of Esophagael Perforation: Role of Esophageal Conservation in Delayed Perforation

AUTHOR(S)
Zumbro, G. Lionel; Anstadt, Mark P.; Mawulawde, Kwabena; Bhimji, Shabir; Paliotta, Marco A.; Pai, Ganesh
PUB. DATE
January 2002
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Jan2002, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p36
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Definitive repair of esophageal perforation is considered the preferred treatment for patients presenting early (<24 hours). However, the optimal management of delayed presentation (>24 hours) has not been well defined. This study examined the management of esophageal perforation and compared the outcomes of early versus delayed presentation. Records of patients admitted with the diagnosis of esophageal perforation were reviewed. Contrast studies were used to confirm the diagnosis in all cases. Patient demographics and outcome were analyzed to determine differences between early and delayed presentation. A total of 22 cases of esophageal perforation were identified (eight early vs 14 delayed presentations). Operative interventions included primary repair (four), reinforced repair (14) either with intercostal muscle or pleural flap, and a complete esophageal resection (one). Debridement and drainage without repair were done in two patients and a proximal intramural tear was treated with antibiotics and observation. Two patients died during hospitalization. All surviving patients had near-normal restoration of esophageal function. Follow-up at 3 years has shown minimal gastrointestinal problems. One patient required repeat esophageal dilatations and two patients underwent antireflux therapy. Esophageal repair should be considered in all cases of nonmalignant esophageal perforation and should not be influenced by the time of presentation.
ACCESSION #
6596371

 

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