TITLE

The Distribution and Frequency of Oral Veillonella spp. in the Tongue Biofilm of Healthy Young Adults

AUTHOR(S)
Mashima, Izumi; Kamaguchi, Arihide; Nakazawa, Futoshi
PUB. DATE
November 2011
SOURCE
Current Microbiology;Nov2011, Vol. 63 Issue 5, p403
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Five species of oral Veillonella, V. atypica, V. denticariosi, V. dispar, V. parvula, and V. rogosae, have been suggested to be early colonizers of dental biofilm and causes of opportunistic infections and oral malodor. However, the pathogenicity and the distribution of oral Veillonella spp. have not been clarified. Previously, oral Veillonella spp. were identified by using 16S rDNA sequence analysis. In addition, recently, Veillonella isolates from human tongue biofilm were identified by rpoB gene sequences, but these procedures are time-consuming and complex. To overcome this problem, Igarashi et al. have designed species-specific primer sets for oral Veillonella spp. by using a highly variable region in the rpoB gene. In the present study, the distribution and frequency of oral Veillonella spp. in the tongue biofilm of healthy adults in their 20s were examined by using these species-specific primer sets. Tongue biofilms of these subjects were found to be divided into two groups based on the distribution and frequency of oral Veillonella spp. In one group, V. rogosae was the predominant species; the other group consisted of mainly V. dispar and V. atypica. Multiple factors may influence these differences in distribution and frequency of oral Veillonella spp. in tongue biofilm. This is the first report also demonstrating the availability of the species-specific primer sets for PCR to determine the distribution and frequency of oral Veillonella spp. in the tongue biofilm of healthy adults in their 20s.
ACCESSION #
65797799

 

Related Articles

  • Diversity of Veillonella spp. from Sound and Carious Sites in Children. Arif, N.; Sheehy, E. C.; Do, T.; Beighton, D. // Journal of Dental Research;Mar2008, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p278 

    Detailed data on the distribution of Veillonella in caries-free and caries-active subjects are scarce. We hypothesized that the diversity of the genus would be lower in caries lesions than in plaque from caries-free individuals. The proportions of Veillonella were not significantly different in...

  • Thin tip and triple bend.  // British Dental Journal;4/14/2012, Vol. 212 Issue 7, p342 

    The article offers information on the Cavitron Focused Spray slimLINE 1000 from Cavitron which was produced by combining the thin tip and triple bend Cavitron tips to be more comfortable to use and effective in removing plaque and calculus biofilm.

  • News in brief.  // British Dental Journal;6/27/2014, Vol. 216 Issue 12, p663 

    The article offers dental news briefs on topics such as the 2014 bursary awards programme opened by the Association of Dental Group, the potential of black coffee to break down bacterial biofilms like dental plaque, and synchronised toothbrushing event involved by families and health professionals.

  • The Effects of Experimental Variations in Dietary Sugar Intake and Oral Hygiene on the Biochemical Composition and pH of Free Smooth-surface and Approximal Plaque. WILSON, R. F.; ASHLEY, F. P. // Journal of Dental Research;Jun1988, Vol. 67 Issue 6, p949 

    The biochemical compositions of free smooth-surface and approximal plaque were compared after 48 hours in the presence and absence of twice-daily toothbrushing and during ingestion of either high- or low-sugar diets in ten young adults. In addition, the effect of a single sugar intake on the pH...

  • Evaluation of Paraffin Baiting Technique for Rapid Isolation of Atypical Mycobacteria. Kaur, H.; Oberoi, A. // Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Oct2005, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p272 

    A letter to the editor regarding a paraffin baiting technique for rapid isolation of atypical mycobacteria is presented.

  • Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis in Young Patients without Predisposing Factors. PARITHIVEL, VELLORE S.; GERST, PAUL H.; BANERJEE, SUBHENDRA; PARIKH, VIRENDRA; ALBU, EUGENE // American Surgeon;Apr1999, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p366 

    Reports on the atypical presentation of acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) in four young, otherwise healthy patients. Information on AAC; Details on the case studies; Factors in the pathophysiology of AAC.

  • Erratum to: The Routine Use of Atypical Cultures in Presumed Aseptic Revisions Is Unnecessary. Tokarski, Anthony; O'Neil, Joseph; Deirmengian, Carl; Ferguson, Joseph; Deirmengian, Gregory // Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research;Jun2013, Vol. 471 Issue 6, p2043 

    A correction to the article "The Routine Use of Atypical Cultures in Presumed Aseptic Revisions is Unnecessary" that was published online in the March 28, 2013 issue of the periodical is presented.

  • Untitled. Smith, Jeanette M. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;3/09/94, Vol. 271 Issue 10, p730m 

    Presents an abstract of the article `Pneumonia Caused by an Atypical Mycobacterium in AIDS,' by W. Huber and others, which was lifted in a German medicine journal. Case study of a 38-year-old HIV-positive man; Difficulty of diagnosing an atypical mycobacterial infection in AIDS patients.

  • Factors affecting human supragingival biofilm composition. II. Tooth position.  // British Dental Journal;8/1/2009, Vol. 207 Issue 3, p127 

    'composition of the supragingival biofilm was associated with tooth location' after taking account for plaque mass.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics