Black Stain -- A Review

Ronay, Valerie; Attin, Thomas
January 2011
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry;2011, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p37
Academic Journal
The purpose of this review was to summarise the fundamentals about black stain, its diagnosis and possible differential diagnoses as well as its microbiology and therapy. In addition, various studies investigating the relationship between black stain and dental caries are examined. Many studies report lower caries prevalence in children with black stain, but this finding could not be confirmed by all authors. Also, a negative relation between degree of staining and caries severity has been described. Reasons for these results are not yet clear but it was speculated that they are related to the specific oral microlora described in black stain-affected individuals.


Related Articles

  • Analysis of the Microbiota of Black Stain in the Primary Dentition. Li, Yue; Zhang, Qian; Zhang, Fangfei; Liu, Ruoxi; Liu, He; Chen, Feng // PLoS ONE;9/4/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    Black tooth stain is a characteristic extrinsic discoloration commonly seen on the cervical enamel following the contour of the gingiva. To investigate the relationship between black tooth stain and the oral microbiota, we used 16S rRNA gene sequencing to compare the microbial composition of...

  • Oral microbiota in Swiss adolescents. Eick, Sigrun; Pietkiewicz, Malgorzata; Sculean, Anton // Clinical Oral Investigations;Jan2013, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p79 

    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of different oral microbes in gingival plaque samples and in samples from the dorsum of the tongue in a Swiss adolescent population. Materials and methods: Ninety-nine adolescents between 15 and 18 years were enrolled. Plaque...

  • Fat Staining in Carious Dentin. MILLER, WILLIAM A. // Journal of Dental Research;Jan1969, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p109 

    Adjacent ground and decalcified frozen sections of carious human teeth were stained with a variety of fat stains. Superficial localization was considered to be related to bacteria. The localization of stains found deeper in the lesion suggested a change in the peritubular dentin. Fatty...

  • The Effects of Fluoride on the Percentage Bacterial Composition of Dental Plaque, on Caries Incidence, and on the In Vitro Growth of Streptococcus mutans, Actinomyces viscosus, and Actinobacillus sp. BEIGHTON, DAVID; McDOUGALL, W. A. // Journal of Dental Research;Oct1977, Vol. 56 Issue 10, p1185 

    Administration of 250 μg/ml NaF in drinking water to rats reduced both caries incidence (P < 0.001) anId the percentage of S mutans (0.01 > P > 0.001) although the percentage of Actinobacillus sp. was increased (P < 0.001). An Actinobacillus sp. and S mutans FAI both proliferated in NaF broth...

  • Simultaneous detection of periodontal pathogens in subgingival plaque and placenta of women with hypertension in pregnancy. Swati, P.; Thomas, Betsy; Vahab, Saadi; Kapaettu, Satyamoorthy; Kushtagi, Pralhad // Archives of Gynecology & Obstetrics;Mar2012, Vol. 285 Issue 3, p613 

    Background: There are many studies documenting increased prevalence of periodontal infection in women with preeclampsia. But, very few studies have attempted to establish causal relationship between the two. Objective: To find out causal circumstantial evidence by isolating specific periodontal...

  • Effects of the Control of Plaque on the Progression of Dental Caries: Results After 19 Months. CLARK, CHARLES A.; FINTZ, JAMES B.; TAYLOR, RICHARD // Journal of Dental Research;Nov1974, Vol. 53 Issue 6, p1468 

    A dental health education program was developed, and as a result, the mouths of study children remained relatively free of plaque six months after instruction terminated. There were indications of significant reduction in the incidence of dental caries after 19 months when comparing the study...

  • Composition of Pooled Plaque Fluid from Caries-free and Caries-positive Individuals Following Sucrose Exposure. MARGOLIS, H. C.; MORENO, E. C. // Journal of Dental Research;Nov1992, Vol. 71 Issue 11, p1776 

    The composition of pooled plaque fluid from five population samples was determined before and at selected times (7, 15, 30, and 60 min) after a 10% sucrose rinse. Subjects were grouped according to caries status (caries-free, CF, DMFS = 0; caries-positive, CP, DMFS > 10). Samples were also...

  • Interactions of Delmopinol with Constituents of Experimental Pellicle. STEINBERG, D.; BEEMAN, D.; BOWEN, W. H. // Journal of Dental Research;Nov1992, Vol. 71 Issue 11, p1797 

    The prolonged retention of an effective chemotherapeutic agent on oral surfaces and in dental plaque aids in plaque control. The objective of this study was to investigate interactions between delmopinol, a morpholinoethanol derivative, and experimental pellicle. Hydroxyapatite beads were coated...

  • Eficácia de DuasTécnicas de Utilização de Fio Dental e sua Associação com a Ocorrência de Traumatismo Gengival em Crianças. De Oliveira Lima Parizotto, Symonne Pimentel C.; Ruschel, Henrique Castilhos; Rodrigues, Célia Regina D.; Gláucia Tápias Nardão Mosele // Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p19 

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of two dental flossing techniques for removal of interproximal bacterial plaque and the occurrence of trauma on the gingival papilla in children. Method: Twenty-two children aged 8 to 12 years used two types of dental floss (conventional - Johnson &...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics