Gender Influence on Occlusal Characteristics of Primary Dentition in 4- to 6-Year-Old Children of Bagalkot City, India

Bhayya, Deepak P.; Shyagali, Tarulatha R.
January 2011
Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry;2011, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p17
Academic Journal
Purpose: To record, determine and discuss the gender influence on the overall prevalence of occlusal characteristics of primary dentition of 4- to 6-year-old children of Bagalkot City, India. Materials and Methods: A total of 1000 children (583 boys and 417 girls) 4 to 6 years old were evaluated clinically for primary molars, primary canines, developmental spaces, measurements of overjet and overbite, crowding, anterior or posterior cross bite, midline discrepancies, lateral profile, as well as assessment of the presence of lip incompetency. A stratified cluster random sampling procedure was executed to collect the representative sample. Results: Highly significant differences between males and females were observed for the prevalence of lush terminal plane molar relationship, class I and II canine relationship, overjet and overbite of 0 to 2 mm, and for both convex and straight profile. A significant difference was seen for the occurrence of mesial step and asymmetric molar relationship, presence of developmental and primate spaces, shift in maxillary dental midline, presence of both single tooth anterior and bilateral posterior cross bite, overjet of 2 to 4 mm and convex profile. Conclusions: The data revealed that most of the children had a malocclusion and that there was a significant difference between male and female occlusal characteristics. This highlights the importance of identifying children who are in need of orthodontic treatment for dental health or aesthetic reasons. The study also indicated that the prevalence of most of the occlusal characteristics were comparable with other communities, but there existed substantial differences in prevalence of some traits.


Related Articles

  • Age Changes in the Occlusal Pattern of Deciduous Dentition. NANDA, RAM S.; KHAN, INAMULLAH; ANAND, REENA // Journal of Dental Research;Mar1973, Vol. 52 Issue 2, p221 

    The occlusal patterns of 2,500 children, 2 to 6 years of age, were examined. A straight, terminal plane relationship predominated at all ages. The termination patterns seemed to change with age, and this was caused by mesial migration of the mandibular arch and by mesial mandibular shift.


    The article examines the role played by the occlusal surfaces of molars in tooth decay. A study was performed on the dentition and prevalence of dental caries in children from New York City. A previous report is referenced which examines the relationship between dental caries and the shape of...

  • Effects of Lower Primary Canine Extraction on the Mandibular Dentition. Özgür, M; Türkkahraman, Hakan // Angle Orthodontist;Jan2006, Vol. 76 Issue 1, p31 

    It has been reported that extraction of primary canines causes a slight mesial drift of the buccal segments, lingual positioning of the incisors, a decrease in arch length, deepening of the bite, and a slight overall crowding in the arch. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of...

  • Non-surgical Treatment of Class III Malocclusion by Using Microimp lants. (focused on treatment of high angle with open bite case). Jae-Hyun Sung // Tweed Profile;2011, Vol. 10, p24 

    The article presents a case study of a 35 year old female Korean with dentition showing problems such as Class III molar and canine relationship. It states that the patient complained about dental midline not occurring with facial midline. It notes that the treatment of the patient was completed...

  • Prevalence of Spaced and Non-Spaced Dentition and Occlusal Relationship of Primary Dentition and its Relation to Malocclusion in School Children of Davangere. Shavi, Girish R.; Hiremath, Neel V.; Shukla, Ravikumar; Bali, Praveen Kumar; Jain, Swapnil Kumar; Ajagannanavar, Sunil Lingaraj // Journal of International Oral Health;2015, Vol. 7 Issue 9, p75 

    Background: The aim of the current study was carried to determine the relation of spacing, closed dentition, and occlusal relation with malocclusion in the primary dentition in children during deciduous dentition period among school children of Davangere. Materials and Methods: A total of 945...

  • Multiple Bilateral Talon Cusps: A Report Of Three Cases. Mull, J. Paras; Nabeel, Syed; Hegde, Usha; Danish, Gazala // Indian Journal of Dental Sciences;Jun2012, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p48 

    Talon cusp is an uncommon dental anomaly presenting as an accessory cusp-like structure projecting from the lingual or facial surface of anterior teeth in both the primary and permanent dentition. It can occur unilaterally or bilaterally. Three cases with multiple bilateral talons cusp in upper...

  • The Prevalence of Malocclusal Traits and their Correlations in Mixed Dentition Children: Results from the Italian OHSAR Survey. Perinetti, Giuseppe; Cordella, Chiara; Pellegrini, Fabio; Esposito, Paola // Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry;2008, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p119 

    Purpose: To know the prevalence of malocclusal traits and their correlation in Italian mixed dentition children. Materials and Methods: A sample of 1,198 children 7 to 11 years old, who had never undergone orthodontic treatment, were included in the Italian Oral Health of Schoolchildren of the...

  • Caries Experience in Deciduous and Permanent Dentition of the Same Individuals. ZADIK, DAN // Journal of Dental Research;Nov1976, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p1125 

    Caries of the permanent first molars of 5-year-old children was found to be associated with caries of their deciduous teeth. The sample consisted of 220 children whose permanent first molars had erupted. They were selected out of 965 children who were a representative sample of children...

  • DENTAL CARIES AND PERMANENT TOOTH EXTRACTION. CHEYNE, VIRGIL D.; DRAIN, CHARLES L. // Journal of Dental Research;Dec1940, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p571 

    The article discusses the prevalence of dental caries and explores incidence of first molar extraction in children. Details about the vulnerability of first permanent molars are provided and a study of extraction according to sex and location is presented. The dentition of children's teeth is...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics