TITLE

Nutritional status of patients with advanced cancer: the value of using the subjective global assessment of nutritional status as a screening tool

AUTHOR(S)
Thoresen, L; Fjeldstad, I; Krogstad, K; Kaasa, S; Falkmer, UG
PUB. DATE
January 2002
SOURCE
Palliative Medicine;Jan2002, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In patients suffering from advanced neoplastic disease, malnutrition is a common complication affecting both the survival and quality of life. In order to monitor early dietary interventions, an assessment of patients' nutritional status is essential. We assessed the nutritional status of 46 patients using two different methods: 1) an objective method of nutritional assessment and 2) the subjective global assessment (SGA) technique. It was found that 28 patients were characterized as malnourished by means of the objective method and 30 patients according to the SGA. The correlation of the results of the assessments between the two methods was high and a validation test of the SGA gave a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 83%. The most frequent symptoms affecting food intake were anorexia, early satiety, dry mouth, pain and nausea. The results show that the SGA represents an easy method for assessment of the nutritional status in such cancer patients and that it can therefore be used as a screening tool. The high incidence of malnutrition in this group of patients, and their rare use of nutrient supplements, both indicate the importance of early nutritional assessment, and nutritional intervention when appropriate.
ACCESSION #
6567681

 

Related Articles

  • Malnutrition and Nutrition-Therapy: Our Neglected Responsibility. Chermesh, Irit; Sobotka, Lubos; Hartman, Corina; Meier, Rémy // Gastroenterology Research & Practice;2011, Vol. 2011, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various topics within the issue including the role of nutrition in the management of cancer patients, nutrition in older people, oropharyngeal dysphagiac as a leading factor for malnutrition and aspiration in older people.

  • Malnutrition screening programs in adult cancer patients: clinical practice is hungry for evidence. Biggs, K. // Current Oncology;Oct2012, Vol. 19 Issue 5, pe305 

    The author discusses research on malnutrition screening programs in adult cancer patients in Canada. The author cites oncology dietitians who agreed that the screening is a vital aspect for research, clinical practice, and guideline development. Moreover, the author states that the Canadian...

  • Comparison of the nutritional diagnosis, obtained through different methods and indicators, in patients with cancer. Borges, N. Pereira; Silva, B. D'Alegria; Cohen, C.; Filho, P. E. Portari; Medeiros, F. J. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;ene/feb2009, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p51 

    Objective: The aim of this article is to compare the diagnosis, obtained through different methods and indicators, of nutritional risk in patients with cancer. Methods: It was assesed nutritional risk in of 144 oncology patients was assessed, making use of Subjective Global Assessment (SGA,...

  • MALNUTRITION IN PATIENTS WITH GASTROINTESTINAL CANCER: EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT DIAGNOSTIC METHODS. Dias do Prado, Corina; Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Juliana // Nutricion Hospitalaria;jul2015, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p275 

    Objective: to estimate the effectiveness of methods for identifying the risk and/or presence of malnutrition in individuals with gastrointestinal neoplasia.Methods: participated 143 patients with gastrointestinal cancer, cared for in the Oncology Clinic Infirmary of...

  • MINIINVASIVE METHODS FOR PALLIATION OF ESOGASTRIC JUNCTION CANCER. HULPUŞ, R.; SABĂU, D. // Acta Medica Transilvanica;dec2012, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p316 

    Esophageal gastric junction cancers have a poor prognosis as most of the patients are diagnosed in advanced stages when the disease is incurable. Surgery with radical visa sanction is unnecessary in these cases, even dangerous. The main objective of therapy in these patients is palliative...

  • Nutrition Support of Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT). Bradford, Diana; Bechard, Lori; Guinan, Eva; Duggan, Christopher // Current Nutrition & Food Science;2005, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p143 

    Patients with cancer are at risk of malnutrition due to a number of factors, including decreased energy intake, increased energy needs, and/or poor assimilation of dietary intake. The nutritional status of patients undergoing HSCT, however, has not been widely studied. After two influential...

  • Percepción de la importancia de la alimentación en un grupo de pacientes con cáncer hematológico. Rodríguez-Durán, D.; Palma, S.; Loria-Kohen, V.; Villarino, M.; Bermejo, L. M.; Gómez-Candela, C. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;mar/abr2012, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p663 

    Introduction: Oncohematologic patients usually present nutritional deficits associated with the disease, the treatments and side effects, etc. However, there are hardly any descriptive data about the dietary recommendations used and the patient's self-perception of its usefulness in their...

  • Nutrition in the cancer patient: a review. Dickerson, J. W. T. // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;Apr1984, Vol. 77 Issue 4, p309 

    The article discusses the effects of cancer in regards to the nutritional status among cancer patients in Great Britain. Several evidences brought about by the presence of cancer towards human nutrition are demonstrated. Among the effects include protein and fat metabolism, cell-mediated...

  • Preventing malnutrition. Connally, Claire // World of Irish Nursing;Sep2004, Vol. 12 Issue 8, p27 

    Focuses on the nutritional management of head and neck cancer patients in Ireland. Prevalence of malnutrition among head and neck cancer patients; Causes of malnutrition in head and cancer patients; Significance of an individualized and flexible approach to the nutritional management of head...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics