TITLE

Identifying and managing adverse environmental health effects: 2. Outdoor air pollution

AUTHOR(S)
Abelsohn, Alan; Stieb, David; Sanborn, Margaret D.; Weir, Erica
PUB. DATE
April 2002
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;4/30/2002, Vol. 166 Issue 9, p1161
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
AIR POLLUTION CONTRIBUTES TO PREVENTABLE ILLNESS AND DEATH. Subgroups of patients who appear to be more sensitive to the effects of air pollution include young children, the elderly and people with existing chronic cardiac and respiratory disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. It is unclear whether air pollution contributes to the development of asthma, but it does trigger asthma episodes. Physicians are in a position to identify patients at particular risk of health effects from air pollution exposure and to suggest timely and appropriate actions that these patients can take to protect themselves. A simple tool that uses the CH2OPD2 mnemonic (Community, Home, Hobbies, Occupation, Personal habits, Diet and Drugs) can help physicians take patients' environmental exposure histories to assess those who may be at risk. As public health advocates, physicians contribute to the primary prevention of illness and death related to air pollution in the population. In this article we review the origins of air pollutants, the pathophysiology of health effects, the burden of illness and the clinical implications of smog exposure using the illustrative case of an adolescent patient with asthma.
ACCESSION #
6567000

 

Related Articles

  • Air Pollution: What You Can Do. March, Keith // Medical Update;2004, Vol. 29 Issue 11, p7 

    Suggests ways to protect health and reduce air pollution. Analysis of air pollution levels; Months with the most occurrences of ozone smog; Reduction of exposure to indoor particle pollution caused by smoking.

  • Asthma attack. Truini, Joe // Waste News;9/27/2004, Vol. 10 Issue 11, p7 

    This article discusses the impact of smog on children. Environmental Defense's September 21 report blames power plant smokestack pollution and auto emissions as the main culprits putting children at risk for asthma attacks. The report outlines a plan to cut pollution through reductions in power...

  • The Australian Air Quality Forecasting System. Part III: Case Study of a Melbourne 4-Day Photochemical Smog Event. Tory, K.J.; Cope, M.E.; Hess, G.D.; Lee, S.; Puri, K.; Manins, P.C.; Wong, N. // Journal of Applied Meteorology;May2004, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p680 

    A 4-day photochemical smog event in the Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, region (6–9 March 2001) is examined to assess the performance of the Australian Air Quality Forecasting System (AAQFS). Although peak ozone concentrations measured during this period did not exceed the 1-h national...

  • Smog alert.  // New Scientist;6/25/94, Vol. 142 Issue 1931, p3 

    Focuses on air pollution in Great Britain. Smog-related deaths in London, England; Pollution control measures by the government; Use of catalytic converters.

  • Deaths linked to London smog. Brown, William // New Scientist;6/25/94, Vol. 142 Issue 1931, p4 

    Focuses on smog-related deaths in London, England. Government review of air quality guidelines; Study by epidemiologist Ross Anderson.

  • THE AIR WE BREATHE: LIVING WITH AIR POLLUTION. SCHAEFER-MCDANIEL, NICOLE // Foreign Service Journal;Oct2016, Vol. 93 Issue 8, p20 

    The author explores the details of air pollution and its risks involved. Topics mention include the use of air quality index monitors in measuring air pollution, air pollution's health implications such as teary eyes, obstructed breathing and asthma attacks and use of home air filter method in...

  • Benefits of Mitigated Ambient Air Quality Due to Transportation Control on Childhood Asthma Hospitalization during the 2002 Summer Asian Games in Busan, Korea. Jong-Tae Lee; Ji-Young Son; Yong-Sung Cho // Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (Air & Waste M;Aug2007, Vol. 57 Issue 8, p968 

    The objective of this study is to see whether there were any health benefits of mitigated air pollution concentration due to reduced traffic flow during a citywide intervention for the 2002 Summer Asian Games. Relative risks of hospitalization for childhood asthma during the post-Asian Game...

  • Evaluating the Effects of Air Pollution on Sensitive Subjects. Shy, Carl M.; Muller, Keith E. // American Journal of Public Health;Jul1980, Vol. 70 Issue 7, p680 

    The article reflects on the paper "Asthma and air pollution in the Los Angeles Area," by A. S. Whittemore and E. L. Korn. It emphasizes the importance of the study particularly in evaluating the impact of air pollution on the health of individuals sensitive to it. It mentions the strategy...

  • Don't Breathe the Air. Spake, Amanda // U.S. News & World Report;7/1/2002, Vol. 133 Issue 1, p36 

    Focuses on the problem of air pollution in the U.S. Concerns of doctors over ozone and fine-particle air pollution; Origins and dangers of fine-particle pollution; Background on ozone pollution, which is worsening; Impact of air pollution on lung diseases such as asthma; Efforts by the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics