TITLE

Prevalence and antifungal susceptibility patterns of new cryptic species inside the species complexes Candida parapsilosis and Candida glabrata among blood isolates from a Spanish tertiary hospital

AUTHOR(S)
Miranda-Zapico, Ilargi; Eraso, Elena; Hernández-Almaraz, José Luis; López-Soria, Leyre Mónica; Carrillo-Muñoz, Alfonso Javier; Hernández-Molina, Juan Manuel; Quindós, Guillermo
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (JAC);Oct2011, Vol. 66 Issue 10, p2315
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives There is scarce information on the clinical relevance and antifungal susceptibility of Candida bracarensis, Candida nivariensis, Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and in vitro antifungal susceptibility of these cryptic species among 173 blood isolates previously identified as Candida glabrata or Candida parapsilosis at the Hospital of Cruces (Barakaldo, Spain). The survey was extended to 518 clinical isolates from the culture collection of the Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV-EHU; Bilbao, Spain). Methods In vitro susceptibilities to 5-fluorocytosine, amphotericin B, anidulafungin, caspofungin, fluconazole, itraconazole, micafungin, posaconazole and voriconazole were tested. Results All isolates of C. glabrata were identified as C. glabrata sensu stricto. Inside the C. parapsilosis complex, 2.4% of isolates from the Hospital of Cruces and 5.8% from the UPV-EHU were C. metapsilosis or C. orthopsilosis. Of 457 isolates, 435 (95.19%) were C. parapsilosis sensu stricto, 11 (2.41%) C. metapsilosis and 11 (2.41%) C. orthopsilosis. Only seven blood isolates were C. metapsilosis (0.44%) or C. orthopsilosis (1.09%). These cryptic species were also isolated from other relevant clinical specimens. Four C. parapsilosis sensu stricto (5.6%) were susceptible dose-dependent, and one was resistant to both fluconazole and voriconazole (1.4%). Moreover, 19 isolates of C. parapsilosis sensu stricto (26.4%) were intermediately susceptible to itraconazole and higher concentrations of echinocandins were needed to inhibit this species. Most C. orthopsilosis and C. metapsilosis were susceptible to all antifungal agents tested, but one otic isolate of C. metapsilosis was resistant to fluconazole and 5-fluorocytosine. Conclusions C. metapsilosis and C. orthopsilosis are associated with human disease and show a different antifungal susceptibility profile compared with C. parapsilosis sensu stricto.
ACCESSION #
65574915

 

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