CURRENT CONCEPTS REVIEW: The Pathogenesis of Hallux Valgus

Perera, A. M.; Mason, Lyndon; Stephens, M. M.
September 2011
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;9/7/2011, Vol. 93-A Issue 17, p1650
Academic Journal
The first ray is an inherently unstable axial array that relies on a fine balance between its static (capsule, ligaments, and plantar fascia) and dynamic stabilizers (peroneus longus and small muscles of the foot) to maintain its alignment. In some feet, there is a genetic predisposition for a nonlinear osseous alignment or a laxity of the static stabilizers that disrupts this muscle balance. Poor footwear plays an important role in accelerating the process, but occupation and excessive walking and weight-bearing are unlikely to be notable factors. Many inherent or acquired biomechanical abnormalities are identified in feet with hallux valgus. However, these associations are incomplete and nonlinear. In any patient, a number of factors have come together to cause the hallux valgus. Once this complex pathogenesis is unraveled, a more scientific approach to hallux valgus management will be possible, thereby enabling treatment (conservative or surgical) to be tailored to the individual.


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