The Influence of Air Temperature on Water Temperature and the Concentration of Dissolved Oxygen in Newfoundland Rivers

Harvey, Richard; Lye, Leonard; Khan, Ali; Paterson, Renee
June 2011
Canadian Water Resources Journal/Revue Canadienne des Ressources;Summer2011, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p171
Academic Journal
In this paper regression models are developed for predicting water temperature and the concentration of dissolved oxygen in rivers monitored by the Newfoundland and Labrador Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring (RTWQM) network. The developed models can be used to predict mean, maximum and minimum water temperatures and dissolved oxygen at the monthly, weekly and daily time scales. A nonlinear logistic model is found to best represent the S-shaped relationship between water temperature at the real-time stations and air temperature collected from meteorological stations 5-50 kilometers away. There is a clear tendency for monthly and weekly models to be more accurate for prediction than the daily models. Both linear and nonlinear exponential decay models were found to best represent the relationship between water temperature and dissolved oxygen at the real-time stations. A novel graphical method of linking air temperature to water temperature and dissolved oxygen has been developed and may prove to be a valuable simple tool in the assessment of the health of the rivers in the real-time network.


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