A survey of hand-washing facilities in the outpatient department of a tertiary care teaching hospital in India

Devnani, Mahesh; Kumar, Rajiv; Sharma, Rakesh K.; Gupta, Anil K.
February 2011
Journal of Infection in Developing Countries;Feb2011, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p114
Academic Journal
Introduction: Inadequate hand-washing facilities have been reported as a barrier to hand washing. This study aimed to evaluate the availability and accessibility of hand-washing facilities and supplies of hand-washing agents in the outpatient department (OPD) complex of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methodology: A checklist containing 13 variables was prepared and all rooms of direct patient care in the OPD were assessed on one occasion. Results: Out of 211 rooms surveyed, a hand-washing facility was available in 209 (99.05%) rooms. Among these, 206 (98.56%) sinks were easily accessible and were placed close to users. Almost all sinks (99.5%) had hand-operated taps. Thirty-five (16.75%) sinks had no soap stand, and at 21 (10.5%) sinks, soap stands were found to be broken. At 14 (6.70%) sinks, soap bars were not available, while an antiseptic agent was available at 6 (2.87%) sinks. Four (1.91%) sinks had no towel stand, and at 8 (3.83%) sinks the towel stands were broken. At 43 (20.57%) sinks no towel was available, and at 23 (11%) sinks the towels provided were dirty. No sink drain was found to be blocked. No sink had hand-washing instructions displayed demonstrating the correct technique of hand washing. Conclusion: Physical facilities required for hand washing were adequate though not perfect. There is a need to shift from hand-operated taps to non-manual taps and from cloth towels to paper towels. Hospital managers in developing countries should continuously strive to provide the best possible hand-washing facilities within their financial resources.


Related Articles

  • How to keep your child's hands clean. Nair, Kamala // Parenting;Mar2007, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p33 

    The article offers tips on washing the hands of children. When he's still a baby, wash his hands at the sink when possible after changing his diaper so he eventually learns to connect pooping with hand washing. Keep a sturdy step stool in the bathroom so he can reach the faucet. He'll be more...

  • Nijerya'da Üçüncü Basamak Hastanede El Hijyeni Ä°mkânlarının AraÅŸtırılması. Busari, Olusegun Adesola; Agboola, Matthew Segun; Oyekale, Oluwalana Timothy; Ojo, Olubunmi Mercy; Oje, Opeyemi James; Oladosun, Yusuf Olatunji // TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin;Sep/Oct2012, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p571 

    AIM: Hand hygiene causes a significant reduction in the carriage of potential pathogen in the hand. Inadequate hand hygiene facilities is one of the factors affecting compliance with hand hygiene by health care workers. The objective of the study was to evaluate the availability and...

  • Too many sinks in kitchen? Not as far as codes require. Alderman, Al // Commercial Construction Magazine;Sep/Oct2009, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p84 

    The article distinguishes different types of sinks for commercial kitchens in response to health codes. It recommends the placement of handwashing sinks to places where food will be handled, to make them convenient as well as accessible. Also important are the food preparation sink, a...

  • DO YOU KNOW?  // Canadian Nurse;Oct2014, Vol. 110 Issue 7, p24 

    The article provides an answer to the question on the best way to prevent infections in healthcare institutions.

  • New heated PolyJohn hand-wash station reflects changing portable sanitation regulations. Mandli, Craig // PRO: Portable Restroom Operator;Oct2013, p18 

    The article offers information on the Bravo! BRA1-2000 portable heated hand-washing sink from PolyJohn Enterprises which was displayed at the 2013 Pumper & Cleaner Environmental Expo International.

  • How better availability of materials improved hand-hygiene compliance. Aziz, Ann-Marie // British Journal of Nursing;4/25/2013, Vol. 22 Issue 8, p458 

    Hand hygiene is one of the most effective measures for preventing infections. The annual NHS staff survey in England provides national and local data on how staff feel about working in the NHS. It also provides staff with the opportunity to give their views on the availability of hand-washing...

  • PRODUCT SPOTLIGHT.  // Government Procurement;Aug/Sep2009, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p39 

    The article evaluates a line of disaster preparedness equipment and supplies from Sunbelt Rentals Inc. and the Advocate Lavatory System from Bradley.

  • Germ Wars. Alderson, Kris // American School & University;Feb2009, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p30 

    The article focuses on various ways that educational institutions may help encourage hand washing. It mentions incorporating architectural elements by using warm colors and texture that coordinate with the tiles, walls and other accessories in the restroom. Furthermore, it suggests to replace...

  • CDC: Alcohol-Based Handrubs Are Better Than Soap & Water.  // RN;Jan2003, Vol. 66 Issue 1, p14 

    The article reports on the hospital healthcare workers, who are better off washing their hands with waterless alcohol-based antiseptics than with soap and water, according to the new guidelines from the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The center added that alcohol-based antiseptics are more...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics