TITLE

Discovery of Pseudocalanus moultoni (Frost, 1989) in Northeast Atlantic waters based on mitochondrial COI sequence variation

AUTHOR(S)
Aarbakke, Ole Nicolai Staurland; Bucklin, Ann; Halsband, Claudia; Norrbin, Fredrika
PUB. DATE
October 2011
SOURCE
Journal of Plankton Research;Oct2011, Vol. 33 Issue 10, p1487
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The genus Pseudocalanus (Copepoda, Calanoida) consists of seven species, all of which are known to co-occur with two or more sibling species in some areas of their geographic ranges. Despite the ecological importance of this abundant genus, there is no available method that can reliably and accurately identify Pseudocalanus species without knowledge of origin. We present evidence of several observations of Pseudocalanus moultoni [Frost (1989) Can. J. Zool., 67, 525–551] in fjords of Svalbard and northern Norway; this species has previously been known to occur only on the east and west coasts of North America. Patterns of DNA sequence variation of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene allow us to confidently identify the species, discriminate it from co-occurring sibling species and infer relationships among the newly discovered and previously sampled P. moultoni populations. Our observations suggest that NE Atlantic populations of P. moultoni are self-sustaining and we discuss potential source populations and pathways of transport. In light of recent reports of climate-driven shifts in distributional ranges of marine zooplankton, accurate species identification is essential for monitoring and understanding marine ecosystems.
ACCESSION #
65232468

 

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