Increasing the energy dynamic range of solid-state nuclear track detectors using multiple surfaces

Zylstra, A. B.; Rinderknecht, H. G.; Sinenian, N.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Manuel, M.; Séguin, F. H.; Casey, D. T.; Frenje, J. A.; Li, C. K.; Petrasso, R. D.
August 2011
Review of Scientific Instruments;Aug2011, Vol. 82 Issue 8, p083301
Academic Journal
Solid-state nuclear track detectors, such as CR-39, are widely used in physics and in many inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiments. In the ICF experiments, the particles of interest, such as D3He-protons, have ranges of order of the detector thickness. In this case, the dynamic range of the detector can be extended by recording data on both the front and back sides of the detector. Higher energy particles which are undetectable on the front surface can then be measured on the back of the detector. Studies of track formation under the conditions on the front and back of the detector reveal significant differences. Distinct front and back energy calibrations of CR-39 are therefore necessary and are presented for protons. Utilizing multiple surfaces with additional calibrations can extend the range of detectable energies on a single piece of CR-39 by up to 7-8 MeV. The track formation process is explored with a Monte Carlo code, which shows that the track formation difference between front and back is due to the non-uniform ion energy deposition in matter.


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