New photoacoustic cell design for studying aqueous solutions and gels

Kottmann, J.; Rey, J. M.; Sigrist, M. W.
August 2011
Review of Scientific Instruments;Aug2011, Vol. 82 Issue 8, p084903
Academic Journal
A new photoacoustic (PA) cell design, which is particularly suitable for investigations of liquids, gels, and outgassing samples is presented. The setup is based on a PA cell of only 78.5 mm3 volume, which is sealed on the sample side with either a 163 μm thick chemical vapor deposition diamond window or a 3.91 μm thin diamond membrane. This design offers great advantages compared to traditionally used open-ended PA cells especially when investigating volatile compounds. The new PA cell design is particularly interesting in the studies of biological samples characterized by a high water content. The performance was demonstrated with mid-infrared PA measurements of glucose in aqueous solutions using a tunable quantum-cascade laser as a light source. A detection limit of 100 mg/dl (SNR = 3) has been achieved. Furthermore, the spectral changes of glucose dissolved in water caused by mutorotation have been monitored time-resolved.


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