# Hybrid (particle in cell-fluid) simulation of ion-acoustic soliton generation including super-thermal and trapped electrons

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This paper is concerned with the system of Zakharov equations which involves the interactions between Langmuir and ion-acoustic waves in plasma. Abundant explicit and exact solutions of the system of Zakharov equations are derived uniformly by using the first integral method. These exact...

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By using the reductive perturbation method (RPM), a nonlinear Zakharov-Kuznetsov (ZK) equation for ion-acoustic solitary waves (IASWs) is derived for a magnetized plasma in which the electrons are nonextensively distributed. The combined effects of electron nonextensivity, strength of magnetic...

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By means of the Weissâ€“Taborâ€“Carnevale (WTC) truncation method and the general variable separation approach (GVSA), analytical investigation of the integrable (2+1)-dimensional higher-order Broerâ€“Kaup (HBK) system shows, due to the possibility of selecting three arbitrary...

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The higher order solutions of dust acoustic wave in dusty plasma consisting of positively charged warm adiabatic dust, negatively charged cold dust, and nonisothermally distributed electrons are studied. The Schamel-KdV equation is derived using reductive perturbation method (RPM). RPM is...

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The nonlinear propagation of large amplitude dust ion-acoustic (DIA) solitary waves (SWs) in an ion-beam plasma with stationary charged dusts is investigated. For typical plasma parameters relevant for experiments [Y. Nakamura and K. Komatsuda, J. Plasma Phys. 60, 69 (1998)], when the beam speed...

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Dust ion acoustic (DIA) solitons in an unmagnetized pair-ion (PI) plasmas with adiabatic pair-ions, non-isothermal electrons, and negatively charged background dust are investigated, using both small and arbitrary amplitude techniques. An energy integral equation involving the Sagdeev potential...

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Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation for electrostatic wave in an unmagnetized negative ion plasma with superthermal electrons is derived using reductive perturbation technique. A generalized Lorentzian distribution (kappa distribution) is assumed for the electrons. The influence of spectral index...

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The propagation of Gardner solitons (GSs) in a nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) geometry associated with a dusty plasma whose constituents are non-inertial negative static dust, inertial ions, and two population of Boltzmann electrons with two distinctive temperatures, are investigated by...