On a plasma having nonextensive electrons and positrons: Rogue and solitary wave propagation

El-Awady, E. I.; Moslem, W. M.
August 2011
Physics of Plasmas;Aug2011, Vol. 18 Issue 8, p082306
Academic Journal
Generation of nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in a plasma having nonextensive electrons and positrons has been studied. Two wave modes existing in such plasma are considered, namely solitary and rogue waves. The reductive perturbation method is used to obtain a Korteweg-de Vries equation describing the system. The latter admits solitary wave pulses, while the dynamics of the modulationally unstable wave packets described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation gives rise to the formation of rogue excitation that is described by a nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The dependence of both solitary and rogue waves profiles on the nonextensive parameter, positron-to-ion concentration ratio, electron-to-positron temperature ratio, and ion-to-electron temperature ratio are investigated numerically. The results from this work are expected to contribute to the in-depth understanding of the nonlinear excitations that may appear in nonextensive astrophysical plasma environments, such as galactic clusters, interstellar medium, etc.


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