Relativistic solitary waves with phase modulation embedded in long laser pulses in plasmas

Sanchez-Arriaga, G.; Siminos, E.; Lefebvre, E.
August 2011
Physics of Plasmas;Aug2011, Vol. 18 Issue 8, p082304
Academic Journal
We investigate the existence of nonlinear phase-modulated relativistic solitary waves embedded in an infinitely long circularly polarized electromagnetic wave propagating through a plasma. These states are exact nonlinear solutions of the 1-dimensional Maxwell-fluid model for a cold plasma composed of electrons and ions. The solitary wave, which consists of an electromagnetic wave trapped in a self-generated Langmuir wave, presents a phase modulation when the group velocity V and the phase velocity Vph of the long circularly polarized electromagnetic wave do not match the condition VVph = c2. The main properties of the waves as a function of their group velocities, wavevectors, and frequencies are studied, as well as bifurcations of the dynamical system that describes the waves when the parameter controlling the phase modulation changes from zero to a finite value. Such a transition is illustrated in the limit of small amplitude waves where an analytical solution for a grey solitary wave exists. The solutions are interpreted as the stationary state after the collision of a long laser pulse with an isolated solitary wave.


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