TITLE

Prevalence of Abnormal Glucose Tolerance and Risk Factors in Urban and Rural Malaysia

AUTHOR(S)
MUSTAFA, NORLAILA; KAMARUDIN, NOR AZMI; ISMAIL, AB AZIZ; KHIR, AMIR SHARIFUDDIN; ISMAIL, IKRAM SHAH; MUSA, KAMARUL IMRAN; KADIR, KHALID ABDUL; YAACOB, NOR AZWANY; ALl, OSMAN; BEBAKAR, SITI HARNIDA MD ISA WAN MOHAMAD WAN; MOHAMUD, WAN NAZAIMOON WAN
PUB. DATE
June 2011
SOURCE
Diabetes Care;Jun2011, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p1362
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE--To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS--The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1% (30.2% in men and 69.8% in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1% of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6% of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6% (31.0% in men and 69.0% in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS--The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.
ACCESSION #
65099004

 

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