Wavefield characterization of nearly diffraction-limited focused hard x-ray beam with size less than 10 nm

Kimura, Takashi; Mimura, Hidekazu; Handa, Soichiro; Yumoto, Hirokatsu; Yokoyama, Hikaru; Imai, Shota; Matsuyama, Satoshi; Sano, Yasuhisa; Tamasaku, Kenji; Komura, Yoshiki; Nishino, Yoshinori; Yabashi, Makina; Ishikawa, Tetsuya; Yamauchi, Kazuto
December 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Dec2010, Vol. 81 Issue 12, p123704
Academic Journal
In situ wavefront compensation is a promising method to realize a focus size of only a few nanometers for x-ray beams. However, precise compensation requires evaluation of the wavefront with an accuracy much shorter than the wavelength. Here, we characterized a one-dimensionally focused beam with a width of 7 nm at 20 keV using a multilayer mirror. We demonstrate that the wavefront can be determined precisely from multiple intensity profiles measured around the beamwaist. We compare the phase profiles recovered from intensity profiles measured under the same mirror condition but with three different aperture sizes and find that the accuracy of phase retrieval is as small as λ/12.


Related Articles

  • Transformation of the Spatial Structure of an Optical Echo-Hologram Response by External Non-Resonant Pulses of Electromagnetic Standing Waves. Sakhbieva, A.; Nefed′ev, L.; Garnaeva, G. // Journal of Applied Spectroscopy;Nov2015, Vol. 82 Issue 5, p849 

    It was shown that non-resonant electromagnetic standing wave pulses between exciting laser pulses during formation of a stimulated echo hologram transformed the wave front of the stimulated echo-hologram response.

  • X-ray Interferometry With Intensity Correlation Technique: Principle And Practical Aspects. Tamasaku, Kenji; Yabashi, Makina; Ishikawa, Tetsuya; Warwick, T. // AIP Conference Proceedings;2004, Vol. 705 Issue 1, p1090 

    Theoretical and experimental details are presented for an intensity correlation technique, which was proposed recently to measure visibility of interference fringes and intensity oscillation. It is shown theoretically that the technique is capable of measuring not only the visibility but the...

  • Radiation loss of coupled-resonator waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs. Povinelli, M. L.; Fan, Shanhui // Applied Physics Letters;11/6/2006, Vol. 89 Issue 19, p191114 

    The authors characterize the intrinsic radiation loss of coupled-resonator optical waveguides by defining a waveguide-quality factor Q. They find that tuning an isolated resonator in a photonic-crystal slab to maximize its Q can also increase the waveguide Q. Due to interference between...

  • Metamaterials: Skinny cloak. Pile, David // Nature Photonics;Nov2015, Vol. 9 Issue 11, p716 

    The article discusses a type of reflection cloak with a subwavelength thickness reported by Xingjie Ni and Zi Jing Wong and colleagues from the University of California at Berkley. Topics mentioned include the limitations in the implementation of structures to render objects invisible to optical...

  • X-ray interferometry with transmissive beam combiners for ultra-high angular resolution astronomy. Skinner, Gerald; Krizmanic, John // Experimental Astronomy;Dec2009, Vol. 27 Issue 1/2, p61 

    Interferometry provides one of the possible routes to ultra-high angular resolution for X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. Sub-micro-arc-second angular resolution, necessary to achieve objectives such as imaging the regions around the event horizon of a super-massive black hole at the center of an...

  • Femtophysics: Double vision. Cavalleri, Andrea // Nature;8/9/2007, Vol. 448 Issue 7154, p651 

    The article provides information on a study about the efficiency of ultrafast X-ray pulses from a free-electron laser used to yield a series of femtosecond-resolved holographic images of an evolving nanometer-scale object. The researchers combined an imaginative experimental geometry with...

  • MATERIALS COMPOSITION ABSORBING OF ELECTROMGANETIC RADIATION. Stoian, Elena Valentina // Metalurgia International;Aug2010 Supplement, p54 

    The paper shows up the research results on processing and characterization of composite materials with polymeric matrix (silicone rubber). The materials obtained in laboratory contain metallized nettling like reinforcement material and powdery graphite, nanocarbon and pyrite cinder as filling...

  • ul·tra·vi·o·let.  // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary;2009, p355 

    The article presents an encyclopedia definition for the term "ultraviolet," which relates to electromagnetic radiation having wavelengths shorter than those of visible light but longer than those of x-rays. It also refers to the ultraviolet light or the ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

  • x-ray.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p2364 

    The article presents a definition for the term "x-ray," which refers to electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength between 0.1 and 100 angstrom units.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics