Effect of Breed, Sex and Age on Body Measurements of Sudanese Camels (Camelus dromedarius)

Ishag, I. A.; Eisa, M. O.; Ahmed, M. K. A.
June 2011
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 6, p311
Academic Journal
Data on body measurements and weight were obtained on 274 camels (different ecotypes). The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting body measurements of Sudanese camel breeds and re-grade those camels according to their morphological traits. The results of this study showed that average barrel girth, heart girth, height at shoulders and body weight were 2.45± 0.02 m; 2.02± 0.01 m; 1.90± 0.01 m and 463.25± 4.90 kg respectively. The results also revealed that phenotypic measurements were significantly influenced by type of camel and age group. The Shanbali camel recorded the highest values of barrel girth, heart girth and body weight, followed by those of the Kenani camel. Rashaidi, Anafi and Bishari camel breeds recorded the lowest values. Regarding to the age groups the camels in the second group 7 to 9 years had significantly the highest values of phenotypic measurements, followed by those of the third group 10 to 12 years, while the animals in the first group 4 to 6 years recorded the lowest values. Moreover, the results showed that the sex of camel significantly affected the heart girth, height at shoulders and body weight; and the males had significantly higher (P< 0.5) values than those of females. The study concluded that the Shanbali and Kenani camels are the largest Sudanese camel breed followed by Maalia and Maganeen camels.


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