Neufeld, Maurice F.
April 1960
ILR Review;Apr60, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p363
Academic Journal
Thrusts of economic change began to stir Italy during the latter part of the eighteenth century, and the resurgence of patriotism during the first half of the nineteenth century joined the peninsula's finest spirits for independence and national unity. But decades after industrialization had transformed the productive systems of England, Belgium, France, and Germany, Italians continued to live predominantly by agriculture. Only since the end of World War II, when old as well as new nations emerged from age-long feudal and colonial imprisonment, has Italy's continual struggle for economic fulfillment over the course of 160 years arrested attention and converted Italy from a museum into a school for awakening countries. During those 160 years, Italy experienced almost every variety of economic, social, and political adversity, which have lately assailed countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe as they turned for salvation to nationalism, scientific agriculture, and mechanized industrial life. Like them, Italy endured centuries of domestic misrule or anarchy, followed by generations of humiliating foreign domination. In the beginning of the 20th century, Italy experienced its long-delayed industrial upsurge.


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