TITLE

Total serum homocysteine – a predictor of extracranial carotid artery stenosis in male patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease

AUTHOR(S)
Mueller, T.; Furtmueller, B.; Aigelsdorfer, J.; Luft, C.; Poelz, W.; Haltmayer, M.
PUB. DATE
August 2001
SOURCE
Vascular Medicine;2001, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p163
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
High total serum homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations are associated with an increased risk of carotid artery disease in the general population. Since patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have a threefold risk of cerebrovascular morbidity compared to individuals free of PAD, and since the total neurological event rate is associated with a ⩾50% lumen reduction in extracranial carotid arteries, it was tested whether tHcy is a predictor of internal carotid artery stenosis in patients with symptomatic PAD. A total of 443 consecutive male PAD patients without previous carotid surgery/stenting were studied. In all, 100 patients with PAD had an internal carotid artery stenosis ⩾50%. Of the remaining 343 patients, 100 individuals matched for age (±2 years) and diabetes served as controls. The extent of carotid stenosis was evaluated with color duplex measurement; tHcy was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Cases displayed a significantly higher median fasting tHcy level (17.0 μmol/l) than controls (13.7 μmol/l, p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that tHcy (p = 0.036) was an independent predictor of internal carotid artery stenosis ≥50% in PAD patients, representing an odds ratio of 1.32 (95% CI, 1.02–1.72) for an increment of 5 μmol/l. In the present study, high tHcy was an independent risk factor for an internal carotid artery stenosis ≥50% in patients with PAD. Since PAD patients suffer a threefold risk of stroke compared to healthy individuals, a simple vitamin substitution in PAD patients may reduce the occurrence of internal carotid artery stenosis and therefore diminish the relatively high rate of cerebrovascular events in this population.
ACCESSION #
6479687

 

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