Mechanism of Minimally Modified LDL-Mediated Induction of Serum Amyloid A Gene in Monocyte/Macrophage Cells

Ray, Bimal K.; Chatterjee, Sabarni; Ray, Alpana
January 1999
DNA & Cell Biology;Jan1999, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p65
Academic Journal
Minimally modified low-density lipoprotein (MM-LDL) is regarded as a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. In this report, we show that this lipoprotein complex can induce expression of an inflammatory protein, serum amyloid A (SAA), in monocyte/macrophage cells, a key cell type implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. By promoter function analysis and site-directed mutagenesis, we have located promoter regions responsive to MM-LDL action. Using electrophoretic mobility shift, antibody ablation/supershift, and Western blot assays, we showed that induction of SAA by MM-LDL is mediated via activation of SAS binding factor (SAF) and C/EBP transcription factors. We further show that tamoxifen, a downregulator of CD36, one of the major scavenger receptors which binds MM-LDL, can inhibit MM-LDL-mediated SAA induction in THP-1 cells. This finding suggests that CD36 participates in the manifestation of the inflammatory effects of MM-LDL. Our experiments provide the first evidence for transcription factor activation by MM-LDL.


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