TITLE

Macromolecular and Ultrastructural Organization of the Mitotic Chromosome Scaffold

AUTHOR(S)
Donev, Rossen M.; Djondjurov, Lalio P.
PUB. DATE
February 1999
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Feb99, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p97
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Using electron microscopy (EM), we have examined three structural domains of the mitotic chromosome scaffold of mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) Friend cells with different morphologic organization: centromeric, intermediate, and telomeric. The intermediate, most extensive, domain exhibited a specific fibrogranular structure representing tightly packed granular bodies with diameters between 20 and 60 nm. The chromosome scaffold contained three main components: proteins (81%), RNA (12%), and DNA (7%). The residual DNA extracted from the scaffold represented short fragments, 300 bp on average, belonging to the class of tandemly arranged repetitive DNA. In situ hybridization experiments confirmed its typical centromeric location. Scaffold RNA represented three fractions: a major RNA fraction with an electrophoretic mobility corresponding to that of 5S RNA and two minor fractions with electrophoretic mobilities somewhat lower than that of 18S RNA. Scaffold RNA was localized mainly in the centromeric region. We show that the newly synthesized protein component of the chromosome scaffolds migrates slowly to the chromosomes, reaching a maximum specific radioactivity 12 h from the onset of the chase period.
ACCESSION #
6463015

 

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