TITLE

The gamma-Globin Promoter Has a Major Role in Competitive Inhibition of beta-Globin Gene Expression in Early Erythroid Development

AUTHOR(S)
Sargent, Thanh Giang; Buller, Arlene M.; Teachey, David T.; Mccanna, Kimberly S.; Lloyd, Joyce A.
PUB. DATE
April 1999
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Apr99, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p293
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The human gamma-globin gene competitively inhibits beta-globin gene expression in early erythroid development. To identify the gamma-globin gene sequences required for this effect, transgenic mice and stable transfection analyses with constructs containing 5'HS2 from the locus control region, modified gamma-globin genes, and the beta-globin gene were used. The -136 to +56 region of the gamma-globin promoter is necessary for competitive inhibition, as the beta-globin gene was inappropriately expressed in mouse embryos and in K562 and HEL cells containing constructs in which this region was deleted. Independently, the -140 to +56 region of gamma-globin gene was not sufficient to inhibit beta-globin transcription in mouse embryos or in cultured cells. Competitive inhibition of beta-globin gene expression was observed in K562 and HEL cells having a gamma-globin gene with a -161 promoter. The data suggest that the -161 gamma-globin promoter, which includes the CACCC box, two CCAAT boxes, the stage selector element (SSE), and TATA box, has a major role in suppressing beta-globin transcription early in development. Proteins binding to these or other gamma-globin promoter elements may interact with those binding to the locus control region, consequently precluding beta-globin transcription.
ACCESSION #
6462986

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics