Martin, Ross M.
January 1960
ILR Review;Jan60, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p227
Academic Journal
Union security is usually thought to be an issue of major political importance only in those situations where the labor movement is weak, politically as well as economically, and where encouragement of collective bargaining is not a major tenet of public policy. Australia, as is well known, does not correspond to this picture: unions are comparatively well-established and numerically strong; industrial tribunals alter or enforce the terms of collective agreements; and the Australian Labor party has occupied the state and federal governments for substantial portions of the past fifty years. Nevertheless, the trade unions have, until recently, not only pressed agressively for the extension of the "closed shop" under collective agreements but have attempted to secure a legally enforceable status for such provisions. Types of union security provisions, their legal status in various jurisdictions, and the factors (mainly political) that account for recent efforts toward a more moderate form of legally enforceable union security are discussed in this article.


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