TITLE

GENDER ROLE TRANSITION IN PAKHTUN CULTURE WITH RESPECT TO CONTRACEPTIVE USE AND FATALISM

AUTHOR(S)
MUSSAWAR, SHAH; ASADULLAH; KHAN, RASHEED
PUB. DATE
June 2011
SOURCE
Gender & Behaviour;2011, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p3435
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present study deals with male's attitude towards contraceptive use behavior and fatalism in Peshawar city, Pakistan. Pakhtoon mostly inhabits Peshawar city, which has its own culture, highly strict in terms of women emancipation and considered women freedom as a sin and culturally asking for severe punishment even in some cases death for the offenders. A sample size of 613 married male respondents (15-49 years old) was interviewed through cluster sampling procedure from five randomly selected bazaars out of total fifteen. Likert and Semantic Differential Scales were used in devising independent and dependent variables while constructing interview schedule. At first stage univariate analysis and then bivariate analysis were carried out to reach into logical outcome. Both dependent variable (Contraceptive Use Behavior) and independent variable (Fatalism) were indexed and reliability analysis was carried out through Cronbach's alpha test. The reliability coefficients were found lying between .7 to .8. Both dependent and independent variables were indexed and cross-tabulated for conducting bi-variate analysis. Gamma, Chi-square and Fisher Exact Test was used to determine the strength, direction and level of association between dependent and independent variables. Majority of the respondents had a clear vision of family planning and found to be moderately consistent of contraceptive use behavior. Moreover, respondents negated that fate prescribes the final number of children, a childless woman is a handicapped person, a sonless woman is a sign of misfortune, more children ensure perpetuation of family; bring husband and wife closer and sign of prestige. Results based on indexation of variables showed a low intensity of fatalistic behavior amongst the respondents of the study area. Efforts are needed on part of the policy makers to properly portray the complexities involved in the bareness of a woman by recognizing more rights for women than just producing children. Moreover, Peshawar city needs to be declared as model to other parts of the country, which is still in the grip of fatalism.
ACCESSION #
64465265

 

Related Articles

  • Husbands' Sex-Role Preferences and Contraceptive Intentions: The Case of the Male Pill. Marsiglio, William // Sex Roles;Mar85, Vol. 12 Issue 5-6, p655 

    Little attention has been given to examining the relationship between males' sex roles and their attitudes and behaviors regarding contraceptive issues. The present study addresses this shortcoming by examining the relationships among husbands' sex-role preferences, perceptions of contraceptive...

  • On men and violence. Connell, Robert W. // UNESCO Sources;Jul/Aug99, Issue 114, p8 

    Counters the prevalent thinking linking violence with masculinity. Absence of a biologically-fixed pattern of masculinity in cross-cultural studies; Movements on changing traditional masculinities in Japan, South Africa, Germany and Chile; Democratic gender relations.

  • THE EFFECT OF ATTORNEY GENDER ON JURY PERCEPTION AND DECISION-MAKING. Nelson, Mary Stewart // Law & Psychology Review;Spring2004, Vol. 28, p177 

    Examines the influence of the lawyer's gender on a jury's decision-making. Effect of the factors surrounding gender on the jury's perception of attorneys and consequently their verdicts; Considerations in determining whether attorney gender affects jury verdicts; Additional effects of jury bias;...

  • Polygyny, gender relations, and reproduction in Ghana. Agadjanian, Victor; Ezeh, Alex Chika // Journal of Comparative Family Studies;Autumn2000, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p427 

    The article examines the effect of polygyny on gender relations and reproductive processes in Ghana. Generally missing in these studies is an examination of the link between polygyny levels and the pattern of gender relations observed in an area. Understanding the effect of aggregate polygyny...

  • CosmoGIRL! PROJECT 2024.  // Cosmo Girl;Sep2002, Vol. 4 Issue 7, p150 

    Describes the Project 2024 of the 'CosmoGIRL' magazine, which will feature influential leaders in every issue and aims to share their success with readers. Arguments on the differences of men and women; Important attitudes to achieve success.

  • THE POLITICS OF GENDER. Elshtain, Jean Bethke // Progressive;Feb84, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p22 

    Focuses on the debates which pervades women's studies and feminist politics and is essential background to a consideration of the current gender gap. Author Virginia Woolf's views that men and women did not speak the same language and that women viewed the world in ways formed by experiences...

  • Sexual dimorphism in Upper Palaeolithic hand stencils. Snow, Dean R. // Antiquity;Jun2006, Vol. 80 Issue 308, p390 

    Sexual roles in deep prehistory are among the most intriguing puzzles still to solve. Here the author shows how men and women can be distinguished by scientific measurement in the prints and stencils of the human hand that occur widely in Upper Palaeolithic art. Six hand stencils from four...

  • Sex and the Single Decade. Whitfield, Stephen J. // American Literary History;Winter2000, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p771 

    The article focuses on the extent of social control in the 1950s in the U.S. Social control left little breathing space for the cultivation of difference. In no other decade of the century, before or since, did religion enjoy such uncontested prestige; and the populace was expected to be locked...

  • Factors which influence girls' orientations to ICT subjects in schools. Evidence from Spain. Sainz, Milagros // International Journal of Gender, Science & Technology;Sep2011, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p387 

    The low representation of women in computer science and telecommunication engineering studies continues to be a topic of interest within the scientific community, and also a topic of concern to the policy community in Spain. The main aim of this paper is to review the literature in the Spanish...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics