Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Miscarriage, Stillbirth, Preterm Delivery, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

March 2011
Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p86
Academic Journal
In addition to fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with many other adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Research suggests that alcohol use during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and sudden infant death syndrome. This research has some inherent difficulties, such as the collection of accurate information about alcohol consumption during pregnancy and controlling for comorbid exposures and conditions. Consequently, attributing poor birth outcomes to prenatal alcohol exposure is a complicated and ongoing task, requiring continued attention to validated methodology and to identifying specific biological mechanisms.


Related Articles

  • Sudden intrauterine unexplained death: time for change. Giorlandino, Claudio; Mesoraca, Alvaro; Cignini, Pietro // Journal of Prenatal Medicine;2012, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p57 

    The authors discuss a study on cases of sudden intrauterine unexplained death syndrome (SIUDS) or stillbirths in developed countries. Topics explored include the prevalence of stillbirths in these countries, the contribution of long-QT syndrome (LQTS) to the condition, and the risk factors...

  • Yes, an infant's odds are better in Cuba. MYERS JR., Woodrow A. // Indianapolis Business Journal;9/26/2011 Supplement, p10B 

    The article discusses higher infant mortality rate in Indiana. It states that the infant death is due to short gestation, congenital anomalies, unintentional injury, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and maternal pregnancy complications. It mentions the importance of early prenatal care and taking...

  • SGA/preterm first babies raise later stillbirth risk.  // Contemporary OB/GYN;Apr2012, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p14 

    The article discusses a study which found that delivery of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) baby in first pregnancy doubles the risk of a stillborn baby in a second pregnancy with a 5-fold increase when the 1st baby is premature, and that placental dysfunction plays a role in stillbirth mechanism.

  • The association between prenatal alcohol exposure, fetal growth and preterm birth: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analyses. O'Leary, Colleen M. // Evidence Based Nursing;Jul2012, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p77 

    The author discusses the study which explores the relationship between prenatal alcohol exposure, fetal growth and preterm birth. She cites the use of a standardised protocol for data extraction with studies meeting the inclusion criteria providing pregnant mothers for the low birthweight,...

  • Premature Rupture Of Membranes At Week 19: Favorable Pregnancy Outcome And Four Years Follow-Up After Expectant Management. Halima, Turkia Abu // Internet Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics;Oct2010, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p1 

    Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) and preterm birth are the major public health problems accounting for mortality and morbidity both in infant and mother. Although, there are some reports available in world literature on PROM at week 20 and early preterm births prior to week 34, but most of...

  • Comparative epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome and sudden intrauterine unexplained death. Frøen, J.F.; Arnestad, M.; Vege, Å.; Irgens, L.M.; Rognum, T.O.; Saugstad, O.D.; Stray-Pedersen, B. // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Fetal & Neonatal Edition;Sep2002, Vol. 87 Issue 2, pF118 

    Background: Unexplained antepartum stillbirth and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are major contributors to perinatal and infant mortality in the western world. A relation between them has been suggested. As an equivalent of SIDS, only cases validated by post mortem examination are diagnosed...

  • Disparities in Maternal Child and Health Outcomes Attributable to Prenatal Tobacco Use. Mohlman, Mary; Levy, David // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Mar2016, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p701 

    Objectives Previous estimates of smoking-attributable adverse outcomes, such as preterm births (PTBs), low birth weight (LBW) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDs) generally do not address disparities by maternal age, racial/ethnic group or socioeconomic status (SES). This study develops...

  • Effect of Home Monitoring on a High-Risk Population. Freed, Gary E; Meny, Robert; Glomb, William Brendle; Hageman, Joseph R // Journal of Perinatology;Mar2002, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p165 

    A large cohort of infants (8,998) at high risk for sudden and unexpected death was followed with home cardiorespiratory monitoring over a five-year period. These infants included premature infants (23-36 weeks post-conceptual age), SIDS siblings, and infants who experienced an Apparent...

  • The timing of SIDS deaths in premature infants in an urban population. Lipsky, Caren L.; Gibson, Eric // Clinical Pediatrics;Aug1995, Vol. 34 Issue 8, p410 

    Characterizes the time course of infant death syndrome (SIDS) in premature infants and determines why SIDS occurs at such a high rate. Comparison of age at death and postconceptual age of death; Difference in age at death of term versus preterm infants; Difference in survival rates; Prolonged...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics