TITLE

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Research Challenges and Opportunities

AUTHOR(S)
WARREN, KENNETH R.; HEWITT, BRENDA G.; THOMAS, JENNIFER D.
PUB. DATE
March 2011
SOURCE
Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p4
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol consumption have long been known; however, a formal description and clinical diagnosis of these effects was not introduced until 1973. Since then, the distinction of the wide range of effects that can be induced by prenatal alcohol exposure, and, consequently, the terminology to describe these effects has continued to evolve. Although much progress has been made in understanding the consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure, challenges still remain in properly identifying all affected individuals as well as their individual patterns of alcohol-induced deficits. Also, as the large numbers of women who continue to drink during pregnancy indicate, prevention efforts still require further refinement to enhance their effectiveness. In addition, the mechanisms underlying alcohol-induced damage have not yet been fully elucidated; as knowledge of the mechanisms underlying alcohol-induced deficits continues to grow, the possibility of minimizing potential harm by intervening during prenatal alcohol exposure is enhanced. Finally, researchers are exploring additional ways to improve or fully restore behavioral and cognitive functions disrupted by prenatal alcohol exposure by treating the individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, thereby reducing the heavy burden for affected individuals and their families.
ACCESSION #
64307474

 

Related Articles

  • FOCUS ON: THE USE OF ANIMAL MODELS FOR THE STUDY OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS. WILSON, SHANNON E.; CUDD, TIMOTHY A. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p92 

    Considerable efforts to educate women not to abuse alcohol during pregnancy have failed to reduce the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Therefore, other approaches to limit the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure are under consideration, including the development of prevention programs and...

  • THE QUEST FOR A NEUROBEHAVIORAL PROFILE OF HEAVY PRENATAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE. MATTSON, SARAH N.; RILEY, EDWARD P. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p51 

    The article reports on the relationship between fetal alcohol syndrome and the development of intellectual and neurobehavioral disabilities in children. A discussion of the challenges which are associated with attempting to establish a neurobehavioral profile of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure...

  • Discriminating the Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure From Other Behavioral and Learning Disorders. COLES, CLAIRE D. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p42 

    Fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are underdiagnosed in general treatment settings. Among the factors involved in identifying the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure are (1) the evidence for prenatal alcohol exposure; (2) the effects of the postnatal, caregiving...

  • FOCUS ON: BIOMARKERS OF FETAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE AND FETAL ALCOHOL EFFECTS. BAKHIREVA, LUDMILA N.; SAVAGE, DANIEL D. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p56 

    One of the ongoing challenges for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is the difficulty of confirming whether a mother drank during her pregnancy. Commonly used screening questionnaires often are unreliable, and current established...

  • New approach needed to tackle fetal alcohol exposure.  // British Journal of Hospital Medicine (17508460);Mar2013, Vol. 74 Issue 3, p131 

    The article reports that Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) trust has proposed new approach to identify those exposed to alcohol and make them able to access support, five key themes to raise the awareness of challenges; the prevention; and diagnosis and management of FASD is also presented.

  • FOCUS ON: MAGNETIC RESONANCE-BASED STUDIES OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN ANIMAL MODELS. O¿LEARY-MOORE, SHONAGH K.; PARNELL, SCOTT E.; GODIN, ELIZABETH A.; SULIK, KATHLEEN K. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p99 

    The imaging techniques magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) provide valuable tools for studying brain structure and neurochemistry in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Although the application of magnetic...

  • FOCUS ON: NEUROTRANSMITTER SYSTEMS. Valenzuela, C. Fernando; Puglia, Michael P.; Zucca, Stefano // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p106 

    Neurotransmitter systems have been long recognized as important targets of the developmental actions of alcohol (i.e., ethanol). Short- and long-term effects of ethanol on amino acid (e.g., γ aminobutyric acid and glutamate) and biogenic amine (e.g., serotonin and dopamine) neurotransmitters...

  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: counting the invisible - mission impossible? Chudley, Albert E. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Sep2008, Vol. 93 Issue 9, p721 

    The article presents a commentary on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The author provides his views on identifying children who are affected by prenatal exposure to alcohol. He also gives emphasis on the need to count people with FASD in populations through statistics to be able to...

  • FOCUS ON: STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL BRAIN ABNORMALITIES IN FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS. Nuñez, S. Christopher; Roussotte, Florence; Sowell, Elizabeth R. // Alcohol Research & Health;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p121 

    Children exposed to alcohol prenatally can experience significant deficits in cognitive and psychosocial functioning as well as alterations in brain structure and function related to alcohol's teratogenic effects. These impairments are present both in children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics