Syllable-Related Breathing in Infants in the Second Year of Life

Parham, Douglas F.; Buder, Eugene H.; Oller, D. Kimbrough; Boliek, Carol A.; Smith, Anne
August 2011
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2011, Vol. 54 Issue 4, p1039
Academic Journal
Purpose: This study explored whether breathing behaviors of infants within the 2nd year of life differ between tidal breathing and breathing supporting single unarticulated syllables and canonical/articulated syllables. Method: Vocalizations and breathing kinematics of 9 infants between 53 and 90 weeks of age were recorded. A strict selection protocol was used to identify analyzable breath cycles. Syllables were categorized on the basis of consensus coding. Inspiratory and expiratory durations, excursions, and slopes were calculated for the 3 breath cycle types and were normalized using mean tidal breath measures. Results: Tidal breathing cycles were significantly different from syllable-related cycles on all breathing measures. There were no significant differences between unarticulated syllable cycles and canonical syllable cycles, even after controlling for utterance duration and sound pressure level. Conclusions: Infants in the 2nd year of life exhibit clear differences between tidal breathing and speech-related breathing, but categorically distinct breath support for syllable types with varying articulatory demands was not evident in the present findings. Speech development introduces increasingly complex utterances, so older infants may produce detectable articulation-related adaptations of breathing kinematics. For younger infants, breath support may vary systematically among utterance types, due more to phonatory variations than to articulatory demands.


Related Articles

  • Identification of Prelinguistic Phonological Categories. Ramsdell, Heather L.; Oller, D. Kimbrough; Buder, Eugene H.; Ethington, Corinna A.; Chorna, Lesya; Oetting, Janna; Rvachew, Susan // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2012, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p1626 

    Purpose: The prelinguistic infant's babbling repertoire of syllables--the phonological categories that form the basis for early word learning--is noticed by caregivers who interact with infants around them. Prior research on babbling has not explored the caregiver's role in recognition of early...

  • The Use of a Dynamic Screening of Phonological Awareness to Predict Risk for Reading Disabilities in Kindergarten Children. Sittner Bridges, Mindy; Catts, Hugh W. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jul2011, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p330 

    This study examined the usefulness and predictive validity of a dynamic screening of phonological awareness in two samples of kindergarten children. In one sample (n = 90), the predictive validity of the dynamic assessment was compared to a static version of the same screening measure. In the...

  • Relationships Between Vocabulary Size, Working Memory, and Phonological Awareness in Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners. Gorman, Brenda K. // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;May2012, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p109 

    Purpose: The goals of this study were to evaluate the impact of short-term phonological awareness (PA) instruction presented in children's first language (L1; Spanish) on gains in their L1 and second language (L2; English) and to determine whether relationships exist between vocabulary size,...

  • Investigating Speech Perception in Children With Dyslexia: Is There Evidence of a Consistent Deficit in Individuals? Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Hazan, Valerie; Rosen, Stuart // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2011, Vol. 54 Issue 6, p1682 

    Purpose: The claim that speech perception abilities are impaired in dyslexia was investigated in a group of 62 children with dyslexia and 51 average readers matched in age. Method: To test whether there was robust evidence of speech perception deficits in children with dyslexia, speech...

  • Spoken Word Recognition in School-Age Children With SLI: Semantic, Phonological, and Repetition Priming. Velez, Melinda; Schwartz, Richard G. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2010, Vol. 53 Issue 6, p1616 

    Purpose: The purpose of this studywas to contribute to the current understanding of how children with specific language impairment (SLI) organize their mental lexicons. The study examined semantic and phonological priming in children with and without SLI. Method: Thirteen children (7;0-11;3...

  • Psychoacoustic and Phoneme Identification Measures in Cochlear-Implant and Normal-Hearing Listeners. Goldsworthy, Ray L.; Delhorne, Lorraine A.; Braida, Louis D.; Reed, Charlotte M. // Trends in Amplification;Mar2013, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p27 

    The purpose of this study is to identify precise and repeatable measures for assessing cochlear-implant (CI) hearing. The study presents psychoacoustic and phoneme identification measures in CI and normal-hearing (NH) listeners, with correlations between measures examined. Psychoacoustic...

  • Effects of Prior Phonotactic Knowledge on Infant Word Segmentation: The Case of Nonadjacent Dependencies. Gonzalez-Gomez, Nayeli; Nazzi, Thierry; Kreiman, Jody; Jacewicz, Ewa // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2013, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p840 

    Purpose: In this study, the authors explored whether French-learning infants use nonadjacent phonotactic regularities in their native language, which they learn between the ages of 7 and 10 months, to segment words from fluent speech. Method: Two groups of 20 French-learning infants were tested...

  • Processing of No-release Variants in Connected Speech. LoCasto, Paul C.; Connine, Cynthia M. // Language & Speech;Jun2011, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p181 

    The cross modal repetition priming paradigm was used to investigate how potential lexically ambiguous no-release variants are processed. In particular we focus on segmental regularities that affect the variant’s frequency of occurrence (voicing of the critical segment) and phonological...


    The present study investigated differences in the thresholds of phoneme duration in word and sentence contexts by participants' sex. In the word condition, 27 participants listened to two pairs of words in a dual pair discrimination task. One pair contained the same durations of /s/, and the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics