Interdependence of absorber composition and recombination mechanism in Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)[sub 2] heterojunction solar cells

Turcu, M.; Pakma, O.; Rau, U.
April 2002
Applied Physics Letters;4/8/2002, Vol. 80 Issue 14, p2598
Academic Journal
Temperature-dependent current-voltage measurements are used to determine the dominant recombination path in thin-film heterojunction solar cells based on a variety of Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)[sub 2] alloys. The activation energy of recombination follows the band gap energy of the respective Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)[sub 2] alloy as long as the films are grown with a Cu-poor final composition. Thus, electronic loss in these devices is dominated by bulk recombination. In contrast, all devices based on absorber alloys with a Cu-rich composition prior to heterojunction formation are dominated by recombination at the heterointerface, with activation energies smaller than the band gap energy of the absorber material. These activation energies are independent from the S/Se ratio but increase with increasing Ga/In ratio. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.


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