Narrative Content as Described by Individuals With Down Syndrome and Typically Developing Children

Miles, Sally; Chapman, Robin S.
February 2002
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2002, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p175
Academic Journal
Narratives of the wordless picture story, Frog, Where Are You?, by 33 individuals with Down syndrome and typically developing children (33 matched for mental age, 33 for syntax comprehension, 33 for mean length of utterance) were analyzed for expression of plot line, story theme, and the protagonists' misadventures in the story. Despite their restricted expressive syntax and vocabulary, the group with Down syndrome expressed more plot line and thematic content and more of one of the protagonists' misadventures than the MLU controls; they most resembled the syntax comprehension control participants. We conclude that the group with Down syndrome had a conceptual understanding of the picture story similar to that of the TACL-R group and a strategy for expressing that understanding despite expressive lexical and syntactic limitations; this resulted in the expression of more narrative content than formal measures of expressive language would predict. We propose that the higher syntactic comprehension skills of the group with Down syndrome, combined with their experience with story content (listening to stories), may have contributed to their developing higher-level story schemas than would be expected given their MLUs.


Related Articles

  • She's Got Spirit.  // Girls' Life;Jun/Jul2002, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p14 

    Features the Trudeau Center cheerleading squad in Warwick, Rhode Island. Selection of girls with Down Syndrome to compose the squad; Number of members cheering for soccer games; Purpose of founder Nichole Magnifico in creating the group.

  • My Friend, Reynolds. Kolkmeyer, Alexandra; Heinzel-Neel, Maggie // Mothering;Sep/Oct2000, Issue 102, p66 

    Explains the special bond between the author's child with Down's syndrome and their pet dog.

  • Alex's phone call. Bittle, Doug // Exceptional Parent;Feb95, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p60 

    Recounts the experiences of the author's brother with down syndrome in school. Phone calls; Acceptance and encouragement from classmates; Transportation to and from school.

  • My next door neighbor. Gove, Kathleen // Exceptional Parent;Feb96, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p68 

    Presents photographs and a ten-year-old girl's description of her best friend with Down's syndrome.

  • A little man like everybody else only more so. McOscar, Gerald // National Catholic Reporter;5/19/95, Vol. 31 Issue 29, p16 

    Opinion. Imparts the author's memories of his late brother who had Down syndrome. Lack of self-consciousness; Likeness of differences with everyone else; Willingness to love.

  • Disabilities news.  // Mothering;Winter97, Issue 85, p32 

    Reports that October is Down's Syndrome Awareness Month in Matheny School in New Jersey. Acclaimed videotape of Joe and Susan Kotlinsk; Main goal of the program; Constructive actions to take for help, communication and reassurance recommended by the National Information Center for Children and...

  • Where do we go from here? Holroyd, Nancy E. // Exceptional Parent;Sep95, Vol. 25 Issue 9, p54 

    Highlights the experiences of parents of a child with Down Syndrome, who wanted their child to be raised and educated with typical children. Selection of inclusive education; Evidence that the child could be successful in an inclusive setting with proper support.

  • Let Down's kids go all out for the gold. Begany, Timothy // RN;Apr94, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p21 

    Says that children with Down syndrome can participate in sports that could result in neck trauma. `Lancet' as source; Study by researchers in the Netherlands on Down syndrome patients with atlantoaxial instability.

  • LATCH-ON: A program to develop literacy in young adults with Down syndrome. Moni, Karen B.; Jobling, Anne // Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy;Sep2000, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p40 

    Presents information on Literacy and Technology Hands-On, a literacy instruction program for young people with Down syndrome in Australia. State of education for youths with the disorder; Aims of the program; Features of the program; Teaching approaches used in the program; Advantages of the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics