TITLE

Acoustic Patterns of Infant Vocalizations Expressing Emotions and Communicative Functions

AUTHOR(S)
Papaeliou, C.; Minadakis, G.; Cavouras, D.
PUB. DATE
April 2002
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2002, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p311
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present study aimed at identifying the acoustic pattern of vocalizations, produced by 7- to 11-month-old infants, that were interpreted by their mothers as expressing emotions or communicative functions. Participants were 6 healthy, first-born English infants, 3 boys and 3 girls, and their mothers. The acoustic analysis of the vocalizations was performed using a pattern recognition (PR) software system. A PR system not only calculates signal features, it also automatically detects patterns in the arrangement of such features. The following results were obtained: (a) the PR system distinguished vocalizations interpreted as emotions from vocalizations interpreted as communicative functions with an overall accuracy of 87.34%; (b) the classification accuracy of the PR system for vocalizations that convey emotions was 85.4% and for vocalizations that convey communicative functions was 89.5%; and (c) compared to vocalizations that express emotions, vocalizations that express communicative functions were shorter, displayed lower fundamental frequency values, and had greater overall intensity. These findings suggest that in the second half of the first year, infants possess a vocal repertoire that contributes to regulating cooperative interaction with their mothers, which is considered one of the major prerequisites for language acquisition.
ACCESSION #
6417197

 

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