Classical risk factors of cardiovascular disease among Chinese male steel workers: a prospective cohort study for 20 years

Jingfeng Ji; Enchun Pan; Jianxin Li; Jichun Chen; Jie Cao; Dongling Sun; Xiangfeng Lu; Shufeng Chen; Dongfeng Gu; Xiufang Duan; Xigui Wu; Jianfeng Huang
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p497
Academic Journal
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) constitutes a major public health problem in China and worldwide. We aimed to examine classical risk factors and their magnitudes for CVD in a Chinese cohort with over 20 years follow-up. Methods: A cohort of 5092 male steelworkers recruited from 1974 to 1980 in Beijing of China was followed up for an average of 20.84 years. Cox proportional-hazards regression model were used to evaluate the risk of developing a first CVD event in the study participants who were free of CVD at the baseline. Results: The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) associated with every 20 mmHg rise in systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 1.63 in this Chinese male population, which was higher than in Caucasians. Compared to non-smokers, men who smoked not less than one-pack-a-day had a HR of 2.43 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.75-3.38). The HR (95% CI) for every 20 mg/dl increase in total serum cholesterol (TC) and for every point rise in body mass index (BMI) was 1.13 (1.04-1.23) and 1.06 (1.02-1.09), respectively. Conclusions: Our study documents that hypertension, smoking, overweight and hypercholesterolemia are major conventional risk factors of CVD in Chinese male adults. Continued strengthening programs for prevention and intervention on these risk factors are needed to reduce the incidence of CVD in China.


Related Articles

  • WEIRD SCIENCE THAT WORKS.  // Men's Health;Jun2015, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p32 

    The article discusses research being done on the reduced risk of dying of cardiovascular disease among men who are regulars at the sauna, which references a study published in "JAMA Internal Medicine."

  • Erectile Dysfunction Can Signal Impending Heart Disease. Bauer, Jeff // RN;May2006, Vol. 69 Issue 5, p17 

    Reports that a group of researchers have found that for some men, erectile dysfunction (ED) can serve as a warning sign for cardiovascular disease. Rate of ED and cardiovascular events; Rate of increase in the risk of having a cardiovascular event among men who developed ED.

  • The Relationship Between Erectile Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Disease. Part I: Pathophysiology and Mechanisms. Kapur, Vishal; Schwarz, Ernst R. // Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine;Fall2007, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p214 

    The article discusses the relationship between erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular disease. It states that some research suggest that erectile dysfunction could be considered a potential marker for underlying silent cardiac or vascular disease processes. It adds that atherosclerosis is...

  • Intense Spurts Of Exercise Help Prevent CHD In Men.  // RN;Dec2000, Vol. 63 Issue 12, p20 

    Reports that a study of 12,516 men participating in the Harvard Alumni Health Study suggests that even 15-minute bursts of vigorous exercise can be beneficial to heart health. Lower risk of heart disease among men complying with Surgeon general's recommendations of averaging 30 minutes of...

  • Lung and bladder cancer in a Norwegian municipality with iron and steel producing industry: population based case-control studies. Grimsrud, T.K.; Langseth, H.; Engeland, A.; Andersen, A. // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jun1998, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p387 

    Objectives: To investigate the influence of occupation on the rising incidence of lung and bladder cancer among men in a Norwegian municipality where an iron and steel plant constituted the key industry between 1955 and 1989.Methods: Based on the lung cancer cases...

  • the Nutritional Needs of MEN. Clouatre, Dallas // Total Health;Apr/May2006, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p48 

    The article focuses on nutritional needs of men. It offers information on primary health issues among men including cardiovascular disease and conditions affecting the prostate. In this article, several suggestions are presented that aim to help men take charge of their health. These include...

  • Erectile dysfunction may be a sign of serious medical illnesses. RuaƱo, Lida Estela // Caribbean Business;10/28/2004, Vol. 32 Issue 45, p55 

    Reports on the warning of psychiatrist Ileana Fumero that erectile dysfunction could be the first sign of depression, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Puerto Rico; Role of depression in increasing the risk for erectile dysfunction and ischemic heart disease.

  • TAKING MEN'S HEALTH PUBLIC. Fuller, Howard // Library Journal;1/1/2006, Vol. 131 Issue 1, p63 

    This article reports on men's health. The author suggests that a library's collection of books on men's health address such issues as stress management, diet and exercise, and sexuality. A federal health initiative reported that men continue to experience higher death rates for the ten leading...

  • Modifying risk in men's health. Rolley, John Xavier; Davidson, Patricia // Australian Nursing Journal;Jul2007, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p35 

    The article talks about the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk of men in Australia. According to the authors, CVD remains the leading cause of death for both men and women and is also a major cause of disability in the country. They claim that heart disease occurs at a younger age for men than...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics