TITLE

Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): Validated for teenage school students in England and Scotland. A mixed methods assessment

AUTHOR(S)
Clarke, Aileen; Friede, Tim; Putz, Rebecca; Ashdown, Jacquie; Martin, Steven; Blake, Amy; Adi, Yaser; Parkinson, Jane; Flynn, Pamela; Platt, Stephen; Stewart-Brown, Sarah
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p487
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Understanding and measuring mental health and wellbeing amongst teenagers has recently become a priority. The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) is validated for measuring mental wellbeing in populations aged 16 years and over in the UK. We report here a study designed to establish the validity and reliability of WEMWBS in teenagers in the UK. Methods: WEMWBS and comparator scales, together with socio-demographic information and self-reported health, were incorporated into a self-administered questionnaire given to pupils aged 13 to 16 years in six schools in Scotland and England. Psychometric properties including internal consistency, correlations with comparator scales, test-retest stability and unidimensionality were investigated for WEMWBS. Twelve focus groups were undertaken to assess acceptability and comprehensibility of WEMWBS and were taped, transcribed and analysed thematically. Results: A total of 1,650 teenagers completed the questionnaire (response rate 80.8%). Mean WEMWBS score was 48.8 (SD 6.8; median 49). Response scores covered the full range (from 14 to 70). WEMWBS demonstrated strong internal consistency and a high Cronbach's alpha of 0.87 (95% CI (0.85-0.88), n = 1517). Measures of construct validity gave values as predicted. The correlation coefficient for WEMWBS total score and psychological wellbeing domain of the Kidscreen-27 was 0.59 (95% CI [0.55; 0.62]); for the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF) was 0.65, 95% CI [0.62; 0.69]; and for the WHO (WHO-5) Well-being Index 0.57 (95% CI [0.53; 0.61]). The correlation coefficient for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was -0.44 (95% CI [-0.49; -0.40]) and for the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) -0.45 (95% CI [-0.49; -0.40]). Test-retest reliability was acceptable (Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) 0.66 (95% CI [0.59; 0.72] n = 212)). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated one underlying factor. WEMWBS was significantly associated with the Family Affluence Score (WEMWBS increased with increasing household socio-economic status) and had a positive association with the physical health dimension of the Kidscreen-27, but was unrelated to age, gender or location/school. Eighty students took part in focus groups. In general, although some students considered some items open to misunderstanding or misinterpretation, WEMWBS was received positively and was considered comprehensible, and acceptable. Conclusions: WEMWBS is a psychometrically strong population measure of mental wellbeing, and can be used for this purpose in teenagers aged 13 and over.
ACCESSION #
63971351

 

Related Articles

  • How Offering Kindness Can Enhance Your Teen's Well-Being. O'Keefe, Kristin // Your Teen for Parents;Jul/Aug2019, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p15 

    No abstract available.

  • make this your year…. Patz, Aviva // Shape;Jan2008, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p78 

    The article presents tips and suggestions on how one can be happier, less stressed, and more energetic. Suggestions include drinking some water every hour, putting on a happy face, a posture check, eating a little avocado, and taking up a television break. It was found in a survey that 98...

  • Child mental health differences amongst ethnic groups in Britain: a systematic review. Goodman, Anna; Patel, Vikram; Leon, David A // BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p258 

    Background: Inter-ethnic differences have been reported for many mental health outcomes in the UK, but no systematic review on child mental health has been published. The aim of this review is to compare the population-based prevalence of child mental disorders between ethnic groups in Britain,...

  • Characteristics of Adolescents Referred to a Gender Clinic: Are Youth Seen Now Different from Those in Initial Reports? Chiniara, Lyne N.; Bonifacio, Herbert J.; Palmert, Mark R. // Hormone Research in Paediatrics;Jul2018, Vol. 89 Issue 6, p434 

    Background/Aims: To examine characteristics, including mental health comorbidities, among adolescents presenting to a transgender clinic and to compare these data to previous reports. Methods: Retrospective chart review among youth seen at The Hospital for Sick Children...

  • Introduction. Hydle, Ida Marie; Kristofersen, Lars Bjarne; Sverdrup, Sidsel // Norsk Epidemiologi;2019, Vol. 28 Issue 1/2, p3 

    No abstract available.

  • The effects of social connections on self-rated physical and mental health among internal migrant and local adolescents in Shanghai, China.  // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p97 

    The article discusses a cross-sectional study to compare self-rated physical and mental health of migrant and local adolescents in China. It has been informed that the study also examines how layered social connections account for health outcomes. It has been informed that migrant adolescents...

  • Health and Happiness for Elderly Institutionalized Canadians. Cott, Cheryl A.; Fox, Mary T. // Canadian Journal on Aging;Winter2001, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p517 

    This study explored the determinants of self-rated health and happiness for elderly, institutionalized Canadians in the 1994/95 National Population Health Survey: Health Institutions. Separate ordinal logistic regression models were developed for self-rated health and happiness in a subsample of...

  • Looking on the bright side: An assessment of factors associated with adolescents' happiness. Lambert, Michelle; Fleming, Theresa; Ameratunga, Shanthi; Robinson, Elizabeth; Crengle, Sue; Sheridan, Janie; Denny, Simon; Clark, Terryann; Merry, Sally // Advances in Mental Health;Aug2014, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p101 

    Background: To determine possible factors which may be associated with happiness among New Zealand adolescents. Method: Data were from the Youth'07 Adolescent Health and Wellbeing survey of 9107 secondary school students. Happiness was measured using the WHO wellbeing index. To determine the...

  • In brief.  // Practice Nurse;11/21/2008, Vol. 36 Issue 9, p7 

    This section offers health-related news briefs in Great Britain. The Northern Ireland Executive has launched an Action Plan to provide help and support to children with substance misusing parents or carers. The British government has launched A Change4Life campaign to encourage people to be more...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics