TITLE

High body mass index is not associated with atopy in schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas of Ghana

AUTHOR(S)
Larbi, Irene A.; Klipstein-Grobusch, Kerstin; Amoah, Abena S.; Obeng, Benedicta B.; Wilson, Michael D.; Yazdanbakhsh, Maria; Boakye, Daniel A.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p469
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Factors which determine the development of atopy and the observed rural-urban gradient in its prevalence are not fully understood. High body mass index (BMI) has been associated with asthma and potentially atopy in industrialized countries. In developing countries, the transition from rural to urban areas has been associated with lifestyle changes and an increased prevalence of high BMI; however, the effect of high BMI on atopy remains unknown in this population. We therefore investigated the association between high BMI and atopy among schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas of Ghana. Methods: Data on skin prick testing, anthropometric, parasitological, demographic and lifestyle information for 1,482 schoolchildren aged 6-15 years was collected. Atopy was defined as sensitization to at least one tested allergen whilst the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, Atlanta) growth reference charts were used in defining high BMI as BMI ≥ the 85th percentile. Logistic regression was performed to investigate the association between high BMI and atopy whilst adjusting for potential confounding factors. Results: The following prevalences were observed for high BMI [Rural: 16%, Urban: 10.8%, p < 0.001] and atopy [Rural: 25.1%, Urban: 17.8%, p < 0.001]. High BMI was not associated with atopy; but an inverse association was observed between underweight and atopy [OR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.33-0.99]. Significant associations were also observed with male sex [Rural: OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.06-2.08; Urban: OR: 1.90, 95% CI: 1.30-2.79], and in the urban site with older age [OR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.00-3.07], family history of asthma [OR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.01-2.47] and occupational status of parent [OR: 0.33, 95% CI: 0.12-0.93]; whilst co-infection with intestinal parasites [OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.01-6.04] was associated with atopy in the rural site. After multivariate adjustment, male sex, older age and family history of asthma remained significant. Conclusions: In Ghanaian schoolchildren, high BMI was not associated with atopy. Further studies are warranted to clarify the relationship between body weight and atopy in children subjected to rapid life-style changes associated with urbanization of their environments.
ACCESSION #
63971316

 

Related Articles

  • Obesity epidemic has adverse effects on CV health of today's children. Southall, Jennifer // Cardiology Today;Jan2010, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p17 

    The article reports that children today have higher body mass index (BMI) and more at risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a presentation by doctor David Crowley at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2009.

  • IMPACT OF INCREASED BODY MASS ON GROWTH PATTERNS IN SCHOOL CHILDREN. Chirita Emandi, A.; Gafencu, M.; Pienar, C.; Puiu, M. // Acta Endocrinologica (1841-0987);Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p551 

    Background. The increase in prevalence of obesity in children is well known worldwide, with important implications for health. Aim. To evaluate the growth patterns of normal weight, overweight, obese and underweight schoolchildren from western Romania, in order to understand how body mass is...

  • Body Mass Index, Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Lithuanian Children and Adolescents, 1985-2002. Tutkuviene, Janina // Collegium Antropologicum;Mar2007, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p109 

    The study provides the body mass index (BMI), the prevalence of overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) in Lithuanian children and adolescents, 1985-2002. In the 2000-2002 more than 9,000 schoolchildren of 7-18 years old were investigated in the 5 biggest towns and surrounding settlements of Lithuania....

  • Concordance with selected population recommendations for cancer prevention among thirdand fourth-grade schoolchildren in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala. Vossenaar, Marieke; Sinak, Christine; Montenegro-Bethancourt, Gabriela; Bermudez, Odilia I.; Groeneveld, Iris; Doak, Colleen M.; Solomons, Noel W. // Food & Nutrition Bulletin;Jun2010, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p181 

    Background. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) 1997 recommendations for cancer prevention were meant to apply to children as well as adults. Objective. To assess the concordance of behaviors and body composition of urban Guatemalan school-children...

  • The effect of colchicine on physical growth in children wıth familial mediterranean fever. Özçakar, Z. Birsin; Kadıoğlu, Gülsüm; Şıklar, Zeynep; Kavaz, Aslı; Aksanal, F. Nur; Berberoğlu, Merih; Ekim, Mesiha; Öcal, Gönül; Yalçinkaya, Fatoş // European Journal of Pediatrics;Jul2010, Vol. 169 Issue 7, p825 

    Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever with serositis involving the peritoneum, pleura, and joints. There is very scarce information on physical growth of affected children. The aim of this study was to...

  • GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HIV/AIDS. KIM, OLGA // Medical & Health Science Journal;2011, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p16 

    There were observed 241 HIV-infected children. Indexes of children's physical development (PD) such as weight-to-growth, height-for-age, weight-for-age, and BMI-for-age were studied, depending on the age (less than 12 months, 12-35 and 36-59 month-old children), stage of disease,...

  • Mineral Elements in the Hair of Amblyopic Children. QiaoLin Zhu; Jie Chen; MeiQin Zheng; Lin Chen; Jia Liu; JinFeng Tian; Wei Huang; XinJun Yang // Biological Trace Element Research;Jul2011, Vol. 141 Issue 1-3, p119 

    mblyopia is a common cause of vision damage in children, and some aspects of its etiology are not clear. A number of mineral elements have important effects on the nerve and visual nerve systems. However, little is known about the relationship between amblyopia and nutritional mineral elements....

  • Estudio piloto para la identificación de indicadores antropométricos asociados a marcadores de riesgo de síndrome metabólico en escolares mexicanos. Balas-Nakash, Margie; Villanueva-Quintana, Angélica; Tawil-Dayan, Sofía; Schiffman-Selechnik, Esther; Suverza-Fernández, Araceli; Vadillo-Ortega, Felipe; Perichart-Perera, Otilia // Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Departamento de ;mar/abr2008, Vol. 65 Issue 2, p100 

    Introduction. Obesity increases the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity and high insulin levels. To implement effective screening tools to identify these comorbidities, there is a need to know the anthropometric factors associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome risk...

  • Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis in childhood: longitudinal growth and lung function. Bastardo, C. M.; Sonnappa, S.; Stanojevic, S.; Navarro, A.; Lopez, P. Mondejar; Jaffe, A.; Bush, A. // Thorax;Mar2009, Vol. 64 Issue 3, p246 

    BACKGROUND: Non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis often starts in childhood with a significant impact on adult morbidity. Little is known about disease progression through childhood and the effect on growth and spirometry. This study reviews longitudinal lung function and growth in...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics