TITLE

A qualitative study of older adults' responses to sitting-time questions: do we get the information we want?

AUTHOR(S)
van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z.; Heesch, Kristiann C.; Hill, Robert L.; Brown, Wendy J.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p458
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In the last decade, there has been increasing interest in the health effects of sedentary behavior, which is often assessed using self-report sitting-time questions. The aim of this qualitative study was to document older adults' understanding of sitting-time questions from the International Physical Activity (PA) Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the PA Scale for the Elderly (PASE). Methods: Australian community-dwelling adults aged 65+ years answered the IPAQ and PASE sitting questions in face-to-face semi-structured interviews. IPAQ uses one open-ended question to assess sitting on a weekday in the last 7 days 'at work, at home, while doing coursework and during leisure time'; PASE uses a three-part closed question about daily leisure-time sitting in the last 7 days. Participants expressed their thoughts out loud while answering each question. They were then probed about their responses. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded into themes. Results: Mean age of the 28 male and 27 female participants was 73 years (range 65-89). The most frequently reported activity was watching TV. For both questionnaires, many participants had difficulties understanding what activities to report. Some had difficulty understanding what activities should be classified as 'leisure-time sitting'. Some assumed they were being asked to only report activities provided as examples. Most reported activities they normally do, rather than those performed on a day in the previous week. Participants used a variety of strategies to select 'a day' for which they reported their sitting activities and to calculate sitting time on that day. Therefore, many different ways of estimating sitting time were used. Participants had particular difficulty reporting their daily sitting-time when their schedules were not consistent across days. Some participants declared the IPAQ sitting question too difficult to answer. Conclusion: The accuracy of older adults' self-reported sitting time is questionable given the challenges they have in answering sitting-time questions. Their responses to sitting-time questions may be more accurate if our recommendations for clarifying the sitting domains, providing examples relevant to older adults and suggesting strategies for formulating responses are incorporated. Future quantitative studies should include objective criterion measures to assess validity and reliability of these questions.
ACCESSION #
63971309

 

Related Articles

  • Volume, patterns, and types of sedentary behavior and cardio-metabolic health in children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Carson, Valerie; Janssen, Ian // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p274 

    Background: Cardio-metabolic risk factors are becoming more prevalent in children and adolescents. A lack of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) is an established determinant of cardio-metabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. Less is known about the relationship...

  • Agreement between accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity and sedentary time in colon cancer survivors. Boyle, Terry; Lynch, Brigid; Courneya, Kerry; Vallance, Jeff // Supportive Care in Cancer;Apr2015, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p1121 

    Purpose: Research conducted on the general population indicates self-reported measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour are inaccurate when compared with objective measures; however, it is not clear if this also applies to cancer survivors. In this study, we compared...

  • Correction.  // British Journal of Sports Medicine;Nov2011, Vol. 45 Issue 14, p1 

    A correction to the article "Determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people: a review and quality synthesis of prospective studies" that was published in the 2011 issue is presented.

  • Emerging Evidence of the Physical Activity Transition in Kenya. Onywera, Vincent Ochieng; Adamo, Kristi B.; Sheel, Andrew W.; Waudo, Judith N.; Boit, Michael Kipsugut; Tremblay, Mark // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;May2012, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p554 

    Background: Comparable data to examine the physical activity (PA) transition in African countries such as Kenya are lacking. Methods: We assessed PA levels from urban (UKEN) and rural (RKEN) environments to examine any evidence of a PA transition. Nine- to twelve-year-old children participated...

  • Measuring Presenteeism: Which Questionnaire to Use in Physical Activity Research? Brown, Helen Elizabeth; Burton, Nicola; Gilson, Nicholas David; Brown, Wendy // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;2014, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p241 

    Background: An emerging area of interest in workplace health is presenteeism; the measurable extent to which physical or psychosocial symptoms, conditions and disease adversely affect the work productivity of those who choose to remain at work. Given established links between presenteeism and...

  • Sitting and Sedentary Behaviours: A Public Health Problem? Bauman, Adrian; Ploeg, Dr. Hidde Van der; Chau, Josephine // Research Update;Mar2012, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p1 

    The article presents information on public health risks on account of sitting and sedentary behaviors. A research conducted by professor Andrain Bauman, University of Sydney, Australia suggested that the individuals' sedentary habits may have an adverse effect on their health despite the amount...

  • Sitting time in Germany: an analysis of sociodemographic and environmental correlates. Wallmann-Sperlich, Birgit; Bucksch, Jens; Hansen, Sylvia; Schantz, Peter; Froboese, Ingo // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Sedentary behaviour in general and sitting time in particular is an emerging global health concern. The aim of this study was to provide data on the prevalence of sitting time in German adults and to examine socio-demographic and environmental correlates of sitting time. Methods: A...

  • Cognitive Testing of the STAR-Q: Insights in Activity and Sedentary Time Reporting. Neilson, Heather K.; Ullman, Ruth; Robson, Paula J.; Friedenreich, Christine M.; Csizmadi, Ilona // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Mar2013, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p379 

    Ilona Csizmadi Purpose: The qualitative attributes and quantitative measurement properties of physical activity questionnaires are equally important considerations in questionnaire appraisal, yet fundamental aspects such as question comprehension are not often described in the literature. Here...

  • Associations between children's physical activities, sedentary behaviours and family structure: a sequential mixed methods approach. Quarmby, T.; Dagkas, S.; Bridge, M. // Health Education Research;Feb2011, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p63 

    This mixed method paper explored the effect of family structure on children's physical activities and sedentary pursuits. It furthers the limited understanding of how family structure impacts on children's time in, and reasons behind engaging in, certain physical activities. Children from three...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics