TITLE

Formation of Cu diffusion channels in Ta layer of a Cu/Ta/SiO[sub 2]/Si structure

AUTHOR(S)
Li, S.; Dong, Z. L.; Latt, K. Maung; Park, H. S.; White, T.
PUB. DATE
April 2002
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;4/1/2002, Vol. 80 Issue 13, p2296
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Three mechanisms for the formation of Cu diffusion channels in the Ta layer of a Cu/Ta/SiO[sub 2]/Si structure are proposed. First, it is suggested that stacking faults formed during the recovery process induce localized regions of high internal energy in the Ta layer, from which Cu channels originate. Second, chemical reaction occurs at 800 °C and forms Ta[sub 4]CuO[sub 11] across the Cu/Ta interface in Cu and Ta layers, which opens up channels for Cu diffusion. Third, triple junctions at the grain boundary of the Cu and Cu/Ta interface provide sites for the initiation of channel formation at 800 °C. At 950 °C, these channels in the diffusion barrier are absent, but Ta was oxidized into disordered Ta[sub 2]O[sub 5] that may contain pathways for Cu diffusion.
ACCESSION #
6391223

 

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