The Effects of Pre-reading Activities on ESP Reading Comprehension

Alemi, Minoo; Ebadi, Saman
September 2010
Journal of Language Teaching & Research;Sep2010, Vol. 1 Issue 5, p569
Academic Journal
The present study intended to investigate the effects of pre-reading activities on reading comprehension of L2 learners of science and technology majors. In this respect the following research question was under consideration: Will comprehension be facilitated if students are instructed through restoring to pre reading activities? To carry out this research, participants were selected on the basis of Michigan Test of English Proficiency, and were assigned into control and experimental groups. Members of each group were randomly assigned to one of the two experimental and Control groups. Data analysis conducted through T -test statistical procedures. The findings revealed that better comprehension can be gained through restoring to pre-reading activities. In fact, experimental group which was exposed to pre-reading activities gained considerable abilities in comprehension than control group. Results of this study revealed that giving prior information through restoring to pre-reading activities might become a useful tool for teachers of ESP to facilitate the learner's reading comprehension ability. Some implications have been drawn for ESP material designers too. The computation and analysis of the T-test, provided us with empirical answers for the research question posed, and the effectiveness of employment of pre-reading activities in ESP reading comprehension ability was confirmed.


Related Articles

  • The Role of Background Knowledge in Enhancing Reading Comprehension. Alfaki, Ibrahim Mohamed; Siddiek, Ahmed Gumaa // World Journal of English Language;Dec2013, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p42 

    Reading comprehension is attained through successful interaction between the reader and the text. This interaction is the major factor that plays the most important role in comprehension. Accordingly, background knowledge will be of primary importance for EFL readers. So schema-based,...

  • The Effect of Grammatical Collocation Instruction on Understanding ESP Texts for Undergraduate Computer Engineering Students. Abedi, Zeinab; Mobaraki, Mohsen // Journal of Language Teaching & Research;May2014, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p631 

    The researcher administered a Comprehensive English Language Test (CELT) to 80 learners and then according to their grades limited them to 60.The subjects were divided into two homogenous groups (30 subjects in control group and 30 subjects in experimental). Then a pretest was administered to...

  • Deepening ESP Reading Comprehension through Visualization. Erfani, Seyyed Mahdi; Iranmehr, Abutaleb; Davari, Hossein // Journal of Language Teaching & Research;Jan2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p270 

    Teaching through visualization or in Tomlinson's (1998) terms "the ability to build mental pictures or images while reading" is known as an efficient strategy in language learning. Thus, this research was done to investigate the role of this strategy on ESP reading comprehension ability of...

  • SCHEMA THEORY-BASED PRE-READING TASKS: A NEGLECTED ESSENTIAL IN THE ESL READING CLASS. Ajideh, Parviz // Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal;2003, Vol. 3 Issue 1, Special Section p1 

    Reading comprehension is one of the main purposes of ESL teaching/learning. In brief there are two main outlooks on reading. The first, a product oriented approach to reading, assumes meaning exists in the text itself, and it is text-based factors that determine meaning. In this view pre-reading...

  • The effect of pre-reading activities on students' performance in reading comprehension in senior secondary schools. Yusuf, Hannah Onyi // Educational Research (2141-5161);Sep2011, Vol. 2 Issue 9, p1451 

    This study investigated the effect of pre-reading activities on English as a Second Language students' performance in reading comprehension in senior secondary schools. Fifty students selected from two senior secondary schools student in Kaduna (Nigeria) were used for the study. The students...

  • Getting Students to Read. Colburn, Alan // Science Teacher;Mar2008, Vol. 75 Issue 3, p10 

    The article discusses methods for improving student learning through reading. Reading specialist Devon Day suggests teaching prereading strategies and reading comprehension skills. She discusses vocabulary and the writing style used in school textbooks. Communication between teachers and...

  • Instructions that Enhance Multiple-Text Comprehension for College Readers. LINDERHOLM, TRACY; HEEKYUNG KWON; THERRIAULT, DAVID J. // Journal of College Reading & Learning (College Reading & Learnin;2014, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p3 

    Two experiments tested the hypothesis that prereading instructions, including how to self-explain during reading, would enhance multiple-text comprehension for college readers. Three prereading instruction conditions included a control condition that provided only the instruction for...

  • The emergence of comprehension: A decade of research 2000-2010. Dooley, Caitlin McMunn // International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education;Oct2011, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p169 

    This review of literature presents research about young children's (ages 2-8) early experiences with comprehension. Using a theoretical framework for emergent comprehension, the review demonstrates how each research study contributes to a holistic theory of emergent comprehension. Influences on...

  • Effects of Pre-Reading Activities on EFL Reading Comprehension by Moroccan College Students. Madaoui, Redouane // Higher Education of Social Science;May2013, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p9 

    This study investigated the effects of two pre-reading activities (class discussion and vocabulary definitions) and a control condition on the reading comprehension of 57 Moroccan college freshmen. It also investigated the differential facilitative effect of the two pre-reading activities on the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics