September 2011
Clujul Medical;Sep2011, Vol. 84 Issue 3, p402
Academic Journal
The increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome requires the identification of new risk factors associated with this syndrome. The aim of this study was to discover and analyze a possible relationship between psychosocial indicators like depression and the metabolic syndrome and to identify the level of depression for patients with metabolic abnormalities. A total of 134 participants aged 45-64 years (52% men and 48% women) have been submitted to physical measurements and laboratory tests. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the NCEP/ATPIII criteria (National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III). Depression was assessed using a standardized depression questionnaire (Beck Depression Inventory). Statistical analysis of the collected data was performed. The Beck score has shown that 16% of the patients with metabolic syndrome presented minor depression, 17% severe depression and 27% moderate depression. At women, mean depression scores (25.8±15,29) were higher in comparison with men (15±8.35), p=0,018. Participants with metabolic syndrome had higher levels of depression than individuals without the metabolic syndrome. Women presented higher scores for depressive symptoms in comparison with men. Depression is a risk factor associated with metabolic syndrome.


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