TITLE

Promoter-Binding Activity of Inflammation-Responsive Transcription Factor SAF is Regulated by Cyclic AMP Signaling Pathway

AUTHOR(S)
Ray, Alpana; Kumar, Deepak; Ray, Bimal K.
PUB. DATE
January 2002
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Jan2002, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p31
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The serum amyloid A activating factor (SAF) was identified as a family of inducible transcription factors that is activated by many mediators of inflammation. Its activation involves a phosphorylation event, whose mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we show that cAMP treatment of several cell types, including mouse liver-derived BNL CL.2, human monocyte-derived THP-1, and a primary culture of vascular smooth muscle cells from porcine aorta, activated cellular SAF's ability to bind DNA. The protein kinase A (PKA) activity in cytoplasmic extracts of cAMP-treated cells was responsible for the potentiation of the DNA-binding activity of the cellular SAF proteins. Furthermore, treatment of nuclear extracts of untreated cells with purified PKA increased the DNA-binding activity of cellular SAF proteins, and specific inhibitors of PKA abrogated the enhanced DNA-binding ability of SAF in the cAMP-treated cells. Consistent with these findings, overexpression of the catalytic subunit of PKA markedly increased expression of the SAF-regulated promoter. These results imply a functional role for the previously detected protein-protein interaction between SAF-1 transcription factor and the catalytic subunit of PKA and further demonstrate the consequences of cAMP-mediated signaling for the expression of SAF-regulated genes.
ACCESSION #
6359143

 

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