TITLE

Genetic Disposition for Global Maturity: An Explanation for Genetic Effects on Parental Report on ADHD

AUTHOR(S)
Steffensson, Birgitta; Larsson, Jan-Olov; Fried, Ingegard; El-Sayed, Eman; Rydelius, Per-Anders; Lichtenstein, Paul
PUB. DATE
June 1999
SOURCE
International Journal of Behavioral Development;Jun99, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p357
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been shown to be substantially influenced by genetic factors. However it is still not known how these effects are mediated. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether genetic disposition for global maturity could be a mediator of the well-known findings of genetic factors for ADHD symptoms. A total of 1480 pairs of twins aged 8-9 years were identified through the population-based Swedish Twin Registry. A mailed questionnaire with items from DSM-III-R for ADHD and items concerning global maturity were completed by the parents. The results showed that global maturity mediated part of genetic effects for ADHD for both boys and girls. There were also genetic, shared environmental, as well as nonshared environmental effects unique to ADHD not in common with global maturity. Thus, there are at least two pathways through which genetic effects can influence ADHD: one through predisposition for maturational lag and one unique to ADHD, possibly mediated by personality. The results indicate that maturational lag could be of importance for treatment and prognosis of ADHD.
ACCESSION #
6346996

 

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