Chandler wobble in variations of the Pulkovo latitude for 170 years

Miller, N.
August 2011
Solar System Research;Aug2011, Vol. 45 Issue 4, p342
Academic Journal
The work studies the Chandler component of polar motion, obtained from variations in the Pulkovo latitude over 170 years (1840-2009). To extend the time series of variations in the Pulkovo latitude back into the past until 1840, we used the first Pulkov observations on the basis of the Reynolds transit instrument in the prime vertical and on the basis of large vertical Ertel circle. We employed different methods of analysis of nonstationary time series, such as wavelet analysis, methods of bandpass filtering, singular spectral analysis, and Fourier and Hilbert transforms. Changes in the Pulkovo latitude from 1904-2006, as inferred from ZTF-135 observations and as calculated from international data, were compared. It was shown that time changes in the amplitude and phase of Chandler polar motion can be studied based on long-term observation time series of latitude at a single observatory, even if these observation records have gaps. We were the first to study the changes in the Chandler wobble for that long time series of variations in the Pulkovo latitude with the help of different methods. The long observation record and the methods of analysis of nonstationary time series had allowed us to identify two similar structures, both well apparent during the periods of 1845-1925 and 1925-2005 in the time variations of phase and amplitude. The presence of this structure indicates that low-frequency regularities may be present in the Chandler polar motion, and one of the manifestations of this may be the well known feature in the region of 1925. The superimposed epoch method was used to estimate the period of variations in the amplitude with a simultaneous change of phase of this oscillation, which was found to be 80 years. In addition, advantages of singular spectral analysis for studying the long-period time series with involved structure are demonstrated.


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